Interview Questions.

Top 100+ Physiotherapy Interview Questions And Answers

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Top 100+ Physiotherapy Interview Questions And Answers

Question 1. Explain What Is The Use Of Electrotherapy?

Answer :

Electrotherapy is the use of electrical electricity for scientific purposes and to alleviate the affected person from pain. Electrical stimulation can immediately block transmission of ache indicators alongside nerves. It also stimulates natural painkiller in our frame like endorphins.

Question 2. Explain What Is Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy?

Answer :

Musculoskeletal remedy is the treatment of muscle and joints conditions. The therapist will diagnose, offers remedy and prevent muscle and joint complications, in particular a spinal conditions which can be liable for neck and lower back pain.

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Question three. Explain What Is Nerve Pain? What Are The Symptoms Of Nerve Pain?

Answer :

Nerve ache is due to damage nerves that frequently occurs while you met with a few twist of fate or disorder. It is likewise referred as neuralgia or neuropathic. Such ache is special in their impact, and it could start anywhere in the body. The ache is frequently like stabbing, capturing, burning, aching, burning or electric powered surprise.

Question 4. Explain What Are The Responsibilities Of Physical Therapist?

Answer :

Patient Assessment
Formulate patient care plan
Execute patient care plan
Keep data
Train and Supervise Aides
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Question 5. What Are The Areas Where Physical Therapist Are Expert?

Answer :

Neck and again ache
Wound care
Problems due to most cancers
Treatment for older or children
Cardiac rehabilitation
Sports associated injury and complications
Respiratory troubles
Arthritis
Muscular aches
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Question 6. List Out Some Of The Conventional Equipment Used By Physical Therapist To Treat A Patient?

Answer :

Conventional equipment used by bodily therapist are:

Ramps
Exercise balls
Resistance workout bands
Posture Mirror
Question 7. What Are The Techniques Used By Physiotherapy?

Answer :

Techniques used are:

Hands on Techniques: In this approach fingers are used for many functions like joint manipulation with mild gliding, muscle stretches, massage and taping techniques.

Exercise Prescription: A deliberate workout advised through physical therapist, is the most commonplace approach used for ache alleviation and to recover from accidental inner damage.

Biomechanical Analysis: Your physiotherapist can prevent from fatal injuries whilst practicing any sports activities or sports schooling with the aid of teaching you approximately what no longer to do by means of doing bio-mechanical evaluation.

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Question eight. List Out Some Common Causes Of Nerve Pain?

Answer :

Common motive of Nerve Pain is:

Shingles (Viral Infection)
Trigeminal Neuralgia
Diabetic Neuropathy
Multiple Sclerosis
Chemotherapy
HIV contamination
Alcoholism and different nerve disorder
Cancer
Question 9. Explain How Does Kinesiology Tape Reduce Swelling?

Answer :

When you apply kinesiology tape over an inflamed place, the stretch in the tape gently lifts the pores and skin, growing a space among the pores and skin and the tissue below. This will create a bad stress, permitting lymphatic vessel and blood vessels to dilate (open) increasing the flow of both fluids. When lymphatic vessel opens it will drain out the liquid accrued on the infected region, which reduces swelling and relieves the man or woman from ache. This tape does no longer incorporate any drug or ache killer in it.

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Question 10. Explain What Is Lymphatic Drainage?

Answer :

Lymphatic drainage is the sensitive form of massage, where you do mild rubdown on the body, which stimulates the frame lymphatic device. It will improve the metabolism, helping the body to get rid of waste and toxin and boost the immune device at the same time. It is also useful in relieving ache and reducing puffiness.

Question 11. Explain What Is Tens Machine?

Answer :

A TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) gadget are electronic scientific gadgets, which could assist character to relieve from brief term ache. It features with the aid of stimulating nerves through electric contemporary.

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Question 12. What Is The Treatment Of Arthritis?

Answer :

Protect your joints: Do no longer carry any heavy weight that may exert stress to your knees and joints
Do exercising: Under medical doctor supervision or as guided by them you may do mild exercising at small c program languageperiod
Lose weight: lose extra weight
Bone up: Eat meals that is wealthy in calcium or can take a calcium complement as directed via physician. For a diabetic, blood stress or heart patient, they ought to take advice from a medical doctor for the calcium complement as it would interact with other medicine.
Take the drugs as prescribed: Don’t prevent any medication through your very own with out consulting physician, if you aren't locating medication of any use.
Apply warm water: Apply warm water pads it'll assist to alleviate muscle anxiety and ease aching joints.
Stretch your legs: Small stretching exercise will make muscle ligament strong and stop muscle tissue from wear and tear.
Apply Ice: When joints are inflamed and warm, attempt setting ice % on it, it's going to reduce the swelling on it and pain by way of constricting blood vessels.
Eat healthful: Eat wholesome food wealthy in minerals, nutrients and proteins. It will cover the quota you required to function your body metabolic activities.
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Question 13. How Physical Therapist Treat Back Pain?

Answer :

Physical therapist generally follows  approaches to treat affected person with back pain.

A) Passive physical therapy

Heat or Ice packs
TENS devices
Ultrasound
Iontophoresis
b) Active physical therapy

Back strengthening exercising
Low effect cardio workout
Stretching sporting activities for lower back ache
Question 14. Mention What Are The Taping Technique Used In Physical Therapy?

Answer :

The diverse approach of taping includes:

ACL Taping: For stability
Hip Taping: For hip remedy
Mulligan Taping techniques: To treat Tennis Elbow
Mulligan Taping Technique: To treat inverse ankle sprain
Apart from this taping, it is able to also be applied to diverse part of the body.

Question 15. Explain What Is Itb (iliotibial Band) Syndrome?

Answer :

The Iliotibial band syndrome is a ache prompted inside the knee due to the overuse of a protracted tendon, which connects bones to the muscle mass inside the knee. The ache usually happens inside the outside of the knee just above the knee. This syndrome is regularly observer in cyclists, runners and athletes.

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Question sixteen. Explain How Itb Syndrome Is Treated?

Answer :

ITB syndrome is cured with simple exercise and stretches, physiotherapy can use the following method to cure the affected person with ITB syndrome

By treating the knee and the affected vicinity with warmness, ice and ultrasound
By adjusting your routine like shortening the space of your jogging or biking, no longer overdoing things or limit a few positions that can positioned stress on knee regions.
Choosing correct exercising for strengthening muscle tissue
Using strategies like ultrasound and friction rub down to reduce irritation on the knees
Surgery is hardly ever had to therapy ITB troubles
Question 17. What Types Of Treatment Do Gynecology Physiotherapy Includes?

Answer :

The types of remedy that Gynecology Physiotherapy consists of:

Antenatal Physiotherapy
Post Natal Physiotherapy
Stress Urinary Incontinence
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Question 18. Explain What Is The Difference Between Chiropractic, Physiotherapy And Osteopathy?

Answer :

Chiropractic: It is primarily targeted at the manipulation of the spine to enhance the general fitness of muscles and bones.

Osteopathy: It offers with musculo-skeletal system and is involved with the structure that may be tormented by the terrible health of those systems.

Physiotherapy: It is greater huge and offers with any worry with injuries to musculo -skeletal machine.

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Question 19. Explain How Taping Can Be Helpful In Treating Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome?

Answer :

It is discovered that when affected person isn't always given a tailor-made set of exercise and as an alternative follows the standard workout it fails to tread Patellofemoral pain. Apart from a managed exercising, taping also can be used to remedy Patellofemoral ache. It relieves pain and improves contractile capability of the quadriceps.

Question 20. What Complication Occurs When A Patient Has An Adverse Neural Tension?

Answer :

The difficulty arises due to destructive neural anxiety are:

Sciatica
Back ache
Neck pain
Shoulder ache
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Tennis elbow
Pinched nerve
Question 21. Describe A Human Skeleton?

Answer :

Our body has a helping frame work product of bones. This frame work is referred to as skeleton. It is the skeleton which gives the frame its firmness. Without- the skeleton our frame could be as supple as that of a trojan horse. There is any other super benefit of the skeleton. It protects a number of the most sensitive elements of the human body form external damage. Thus the brain is saved secure in a bony field. This field safeguards the coronary heart and the lungs. Also with the aid of its very nature of formation, it facilitates frame movement with the help of muscle tissue attached to it. The predominant elements of the skeleton are the skull and the spinal column.

Question 22. Explain Gliding Joint?

Answer :

An instance of this sort of joint is the motion of the wrist. At the wrist there are a number of small boned which drift one over the other, when we turn our palm upwards or downwards.

Question 23. Explain Ball And Socket Joint?

Answer :

When a element is capable of making an all spherical movement up and down and sideways- that is viable by means of a joint of this kind. The leg may be moved in any course, sideways, up and down.

Question 24. Describe The Functions Of Joints And Human Skeleton?

Answer :

The region of attachment between two or greater bones is known as a joint. All the joints of the frame are capable of motion besides for the joints of the bones of cranium, which houses the mind. 

There are diverse kinds of movable joints relying upon the movements they carry out. Thus the knee joint is like a hinge, which lets in the lower keg to transport up or down, but no longer sideways. Following are one-of-a-kind styles of joints

Hinge-joint
Pivot-joint
Ball and socket joint
Gliding joint
Hinge- joint :-This permits the movement of the part of frame in one path ?Up or sown but not sideways. Example of this joint are knee-joint, elbow-joint, motion of the decrease jaw.

Pivot joint :-As the call shows, this form of joint permits pivotal motion of the components of body this joined. Movement of the cranium is an instance. A guy can flip his head from one facet to the opposite by rotating the cranium, that's joined to the backbone at its top in this sort of way that a pivotal movements is possible.

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Question 25. The Most Important Functions Of The Skin Are?

Answer :

(1) To adjust body temperature. The pores and skin which is uncovered to the cooling motion of the air outdoor, plays an important element in regulating the loss of warmth and retaining uniform temperature of frame. This is dine with the aid of the mechanism if dilation and contraction of superficial blood vessels and through the evaporation of water from the body floor. In reality this function if the pores and skin can be as compared to that of the radiator of a vehicle.

(2)To act as a experience organ. Pain warmth, strain, cold, touch, and many others.. Are all felt through the pores and skin and conveyed to the brain

(3)To guard internal organs towards external harm and contamination. Many an injury is restrained to the skin. But for pores and skin, our bones could be cracking too frequently. In reality this characteristic of the pores and skin can be compared to that of the radiator of a car.

(4)To eliminate waste products thru sweat glands

(5)To shield the body form dangerous rays of the sun by using pigments of the outer skin.

Question 26. What Is Write A Short Note On The Human Skin. Describe Its Functions?

Answer :

Skin plays an critical component in a mans existence. It makes his appearance appealing. He receives a extraordinary appearance due to his skin. There are race conflicts due to the coloration of the skin.

There overlaying if the human frame. Is referred to as the pores and skin. Two layers of akin cowl the frame. The lower layer referred to as epidermis is made from fibrous tissues having blood vessels , glands, hair follicles, sweat glands, and so on.

It is very critical that the skin is saved smooth. Dust and dirt acquire on the pores and skin and emerge as combined with salts and the scales of the outer pores and skin. They thus from fertile soil for the increase of germs.

Question 27. What Is Lungs?

Answer :

Lungs are the foremost organs of respiration. Ty lie in thoracic cavity. Right lung is 3-lobed and left lung -lobed. The cone shaped area among two lungs is known as mediastinum. Each lung is covered with the aid of a -layered membrane. Its outer membrane is known as parietal pleura and internal visceral pleura. The area among those  membranes is called pleural cavity that's filed with a serous fluid. This fluid lubricates the lungs and protects them from friction.

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Question 28. What Is Bronchi?

Answer :

Each bronchus enters the lungs of its facet. The right bronchus gives up 4 branches while the left has . Inside each lung these branches pass on ramifying until a bronchial tree is formed. The terminal bronchioles open into a area called vestibule which offers upward thrust to 1 to a few respiration bronchioles. The wall of breathing bronchioles form skinny walled sac-like alveoli.

Question 29. What Is Trachea?

Answer :

The wind pipe, trachea is 10-12 cm long and 2.Five compound in diameter. Entering into thoracic hollow space trachea divides into the right and left bronchi. The trachea is supported by means of C-formed cartilages.

Question 30. What Is The Larynx And Vocal Cords?

Answer :

It is the anterior enlarged a part of the wind pipe, fabricated from cartilage i.E. Thyroid, cricoids. Arytenoids, and so forth. The enlarged thyroid cartilage is called Adam's apple. A cartilaginous muscular flap, the epiglottis is hooked up to the pinnacle of the thyroid cartilage. It can close the glottis while swallowing food. Vocal cords are stretched between thyroid and arytenoids cartilages. Vibrations of vocal cords produce sound. Rima glottidis is the opening among the cords.

Question 31. What Is Pharynx?

Answer :

Pharynx is a not unusual passage for air and food. The pharynx is divisible into naso-pharynx, oropharynx and laryngeal pharynx.

Question 32. What Is The Nostril?

Answer :

Present inside the nose and above the mouth it is regionated anteroposteriorly into vestibule, respiratory channel and olfactory organs. A cartilaginous nasal septum divides the vestibule into  lateral halves. The respiratory channel passes thru scroll-like turbinal bones and passes by means of olfactory vicinity into pharynx thru a pair of posterior nare. 

It plays
(i) filtration,
(ii) air-conditioning and
(iii) warming.

Question 33. But What Happens To The Carbon Dioxide?

Answer :

It is going thru the lungs, again up your windpipe and out with each exhale. It's a incredible feat, this chemical trade and breathing in and out. You don't have to tell your lungs to preserve working. Your mind does it routinely for you. 

Factoids 

Your lungs comprise nearly 1500 miles of airways and over three hundred million alveoli. Every minute you breathe in 13 pints of air. Plants are our companions in breathing. We breathe in air, use the oxygen in it, and launch carbon dioxide. Plants absorb carbon dioxide and launch oxygen. Thank goodness! 

People tend to get greater colds in the winter due to the fact we are indoors greater regularly and in near proximity to different people. When human beings sneeze, cough and even breathe -- germs pass flying!

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Question 34. How Does This Exchange Work?

Answer :

With the help of the red blood cells in your bloodstream. Your crimson blood cells are like container vehicles on train tracks. They show up on the sacs at simply the proper time, ready to change in vintage carbon dioxide that your body's cells have made for a few new oxygen you've got simply breathed in. In the method, these pink blood cells flip from crimson to that lovely pink colour as they start carrying the oxygen to all of the cells to your frame.

Question 35. What Do These Sacs Do?

Answer :

They assist perform an terrific magic act. Your air sacs deliver new oxygen from air you've got breathed to your bloodstream. They exchange it for waste merchandise, like carbon dioxide, which the cells for your body have made and can not use.

Question 36. Why Do We Need To Breathe?

Answer :

All the cells to your body require oxygen. Without it, they couldn't move, construct, reproduce, and flip meals into power. In fact, with out oxygen, they and you will die! How do you get oxygen? From inhaling air which your blood  circulates to all components of the body.

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Question 37. How Does The Respiratory System In Man Work?

Answer :

A man can live with out meals for some days, but without air he cannot live even for five mins. The moment he is born he starts to respire will preserve to breath till he's alive. During the method of respiration he attracts a few are into his body and expels some. If this deliver if air is cut off, he's suffocated and dies.

The air we breathe in is taken into the lungs thru the wind pipe. The lunge are located within the chest-one in each facet of the body. The air we breath in carries oxygen to the quantity of 1-fifth of the quantity of air. The oxygen is dissolved within the blood and is carried to all components of the frame. The oxygen combines with the tissues and sets loose the power contained in them. The combination of oxygen with a substance is known as the manner of oxidation, combustion or burning is going on within the human frame each moment of the existence of a person-whether he is awake or asleep. Heat is, of path, generated, but there may be no hearth.

The whole gadget of breathing can be summarized as follows : 

(1) Pure blood received from the lungs is pumped via the heart into the huge arteries. 

(2) Veins convey impure blood from various elements of the body and pour it into the heart.

(three) The coronary heart pumps it out into the lungs for purification. Thus a cycle is shaped and the technique is automatic. Lungs are the maximum important part of this machine, due to the fact it is they that purify the impure blood and discharge waste merchandise like carbon dioxide. 

The different elements of the breathing device are :

(a) the nostril.
(b) The higher a part of the wind-pipe which is changed into the voice box called larynx.
(c) The wind-pipe.
(d) The lungs.

Question 38. How To Get Full Range Of Movement For Pa Shoulder With Full Restricted Movement?

Answer :

There are numerous techniques to growth ROM like; massage, manual healing techniques, Passive movts, And, very important is: whatever the movt is accomplished by means of the affected person, ask him/her to do loose pendular physical activities.

Question 39. What Are The Examples Of Isometric Exercises?

Answer :

Put both fingers together be disguise returned head and push both fingers ahead on the identical time when pushing head backward. This exercising will increase energy at higher again muscle. Very useful exercising for human beings who've problem at cervical spine.

Question 40. Explain Muscles And Their Functions In The Human Body?

Answer :

Muscles are what we normally call flesh. They have the electricity of contraction and consequently of growth additionally. When a muscle contracts, it turns into shorter and thicker like a chunk of India- rubber- its two ends coming neater each different. Source of deliver of electricity to the muscle is the combustion of the glucose supply to the muscle to the muscle via blood and oxygen it incorporates with it.

There are  varieties of muscle tissues

(a) Voluntary, and
(b) Involuntary.

Voluntary:- Voluntary muscle tissues are people with we can agreement whenever we want it which we circulate at will. These ate joined to the bones at either stop with the aid of chords. When a muscle of this type contracts, it pulls one of the bones toward the alternative. Since a muscle cannot push , an opposing muscle brings the bent bone in the directly function.

Involuntary muscle tissues :- Involuntary muscle groups aren't linked with any bones and we don't have any control over them. The heart, the blood vessels, hair follicles the interior of the attention, alimentary canal, bladder and uterus, the breathing organs within the frame al these are included with the aid of these muscle tissues. They do their work no longer underneath the command of man: hence they may be involuntary muscle tissues.

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