Interview Questions.

Top 100+ Indian Constitution Interview Questions And Answers

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Top 100+ Indian Constitution Interview Questions And Answers

Question 1. When Was Indian Independence Act Passed, By Whom And On The Basis Of What Plan?

Answer :

Thee Indian Independence Act turned into exceeded by using the British Parliament on fifth July in 1947. This act was exceeded to give effect to the Mountbatten plan growing the 2 independent states of India and Pakistan.

Question 2. What Were The Options Before The Indian Native States In The Indian Independence Act?

Answer :

The Indian Independence Act gave three options to the Indian local states

(1) to sign up for India

(2) to sign up for Pakistan

(3) to remain Independent.

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Question 3. Who Drafted The Indian Constitution?

Answer :

The Indian charter become drafted through the Drafting Committee of the ‘Constituent Assembly.

Question 4. Who Was The Chairman Of The Constituent Assembly? Who Was The Chairman Of The Drafting Committee?

Answer :

Dr. Rajendra Prasad changed into the Chairman of Constituent Assembly. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar turned into the Chairman of Drafting Committee

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Question five. When Was The Constitution Adopted?

Answer :

The constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949.

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Question 6. When Did The Constitution Come Into Force?

Answer :

The constitution got here into pressure on 26th January 1950

Question 7. According To The Preamble India Is What Kind Of State?

Answer :

According to the authentic preamble India is a Sovereign, Democratic Republic. By 42nd amendment of the constitution India is made additionally a Socialist and Secular state.

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Question 8. What Are The Political Ideals, According To The Preamble India Seeks To Secure?

Answer :

India seeks to relaxed to her human beings:

Justice: Social Economic and Political.

Liberty: of notion, expression, notion, faith and worship

Equality: of reputation and possibility, and Fraternity, assuring the respect of the man or woman and team spirit of the nation.

Question nine. How Many Arts, Are There In The Indian Constitution?

Answer :

The unique constitution had 395 Arts and 7 schedules. Now after the 80th amendment of the charter there are 405 Arts and 10 schedules inside the charter

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Question 10. What Is Meant By “secular And Socialist” As Described In The Preamble?

Answer :

The preamble describes India to be a mundane kingdom. It manner that there's no hooked up religion in India and that nation does not give any choice to any faith in India.

The 42nd change of the Indian constitution makes India a socialist kingdom. It means that the nation shall abolish private ownership of the method of production and distribution. This but has no longer yet been finished. On the other hand the state now encourages non-public ownership

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Question eleven. Bring Out The Significance Of The Terms “sovereign, Democratic Republic” As Mentioned In The Preamble.?

Answer :

India is a sovereign kingdom. It approach the kingdom in India is the superb authority over all guys and all associations in the country and is genuinely loose from any outdoor manipulate.

India is democratic. It method that in India all governments are shaped on the premise of popular assist.

India is republic. It manner all offices of the kingdom from the best to the lowest are held on the idea of merit and no workplace of the kingdom is hung on the premise of hereditary right.

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Question 12. How Many States And Union Territories Are There In The Indian Union?

Answer :

There are 25 states and 7 union territories inside the Indian Union.

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Question thirteen. Which State Of The Indian Union Has A Separate Constitution?

Answer :

The nation of Jammu and Kashmir has a separate charter.

Question 14. What Is The Importance Of Arts 370 Of The Constitution?

Answer :

This Art gives the state of Jammu & Kashmir a separate constitutional status. Laws passed by means of the Indian Parliament apply to Jammu & Kashmir if they're typical by using the J. K. Legislature.

Question 15. Is The Preamble To The Constitution Justiciable In Character?

Answer :

The preamble isn't always justiciable.

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Question 16. What Is The Necessity Of The Preamble?

Answer :

The preamble is like an creation to the charter. The courts use the preamble to make clear: the that means of the Law each time there's an ambiguity.

Question 17. Does The Indian Constitution Recognize The Principle Of Dual Citizenship?

Answer :

Though India is a federation, the precept of twin citizenship has no longer been widespread within the charter. All Indians are regularly occurring because the citizens of India. There isn't any citizenship of the states.

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Question 18. When Was The Indian Citizenship Act Passed?

Answer :

Indian Citizenship Act changed into passed in 1955.

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Question 19. Into How Many Categories Are The Indian Citizens Divided?

Answer :

Indian citizens are divided into  categories—residents by birth and citizens via adoption.

Question 20. What Are The Provisions Of The Indian Constitution Regarding Integration Or Creation Of New States?

Answer :

The Indian Parliament by using Acts surpassed that it could combine new states into India or can create new states out of the territory of an present nation or states.

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Question 21. How Many Categories Of Fundamental Rights Of Citizens Has Been Recognized By The Indian Constitution?

Answer :

Originally the constitution conferred at the Indian citizens seven essential rights. They are

(a) proper to equalit

(b) proper to freedom

(c) proper towards exploitation

(d) proper to religious freedom.

(e) proper to education and subculture

(f) proper to belongings and

(g) proper to constitutional remedies:

At present there are six essential rights. Right to personal belongings has been eliminated from the list of fundamental rights by the 44th change of the constitution.

Question 22. What Is Meant By Equality In The Eye Of Law?

Answer :

Equality in the eye of regulation as provided with the aid of Art. 14 of the constitution mean that no one is above the law. Law applies to all folks equally.

Question 23. What Are The Freedoms Granted To Citizens By Art 19 Of The Constitution?

Answer :

Art 19 of the charter offers six freedoms to the citizens They are proper to freedom of –

(I) expression,

(2) to gather peaceably and with out hands

(three) to shape affiliation,

(four) to transport freely in India,

(five) to five anywhere in India and 

(6) to adopt any profession or enterprise.

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Question 24. What Art Of The Constitution Forbids Use Of Titles Or Honor Conferred By Foreign States?

Answer :

Art 18

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Question 25. Is The Right To Work And Employment Recognized By Constitution?

Answer :

The directive principle of the charter pronounces proper to paintings and employment as acceptable. But the directives are non- justiciable in character.

Question 26. Are The Conferment Of Honour Like Bharat Ratna Or Padma Vibhushan Violative Of Right To Equality Under Art. 114?

Answer :

No, due to the fact Bharat Ratna, Padma vibhushan and so forth. Aren't taken into consideration as titles. They cannot be used earlier than or after the names of the humans on whom they may be conferred.

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Question 27. How The Indian Constitution Seeks To Protect Children Against Exploitation?

Answer :

Arts 24 of the charter forbids employment of youngsters in factories, mines, or in risky works.

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Question 28. What Categories Of People Can Be Imprisoned Without Trial?

Answer :

Under Arts 22 (three) of the charter enemy aliens and folks arrested under preventive detention Acts can be imprisoned without trial.

Question 29. “india Is A Secular State”. What Does It Mean?

Answer :

Indian secularism way that the nation does not have any established faith, that human beings are free to exercise and profess any religion and that the state does not show any choice to any religion

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Question 30. What Arts Of The Constitutions Confer Right To Freedom Of Religion?

Answer :

Arts 25 to twenty-eight confer right to freedom of religion on the citizens.

Question 31. Is Possession Of Private Property A Fundamental Right?

Answer :

Private property was a fundamental right before the passing of 44th amendment of the constitution. Now the ownership of private belongings is an regular felony right and now not a fundamental proper.

Question 32. What Art Of The Constitution Confers Right To Constitutional Remedies?

Answer :

Art 32 of the charter confer the proper to constitutional treatments on the citizens.

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Question 33. How Many Kinds Of Writs The Supreme Court Or The High Court May Issue In Case Of Transgression Of Fundamental Rights?

Answer :

The Supreme Court or the High Courts may problem 5 varieties of writs.

These are writs of

(1) Habeas Corpus

(2) Mandamus

(3) Prohibition

(four) Certiorari and

(five) Quowarranto.

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Question 34. What Is Habeas Corpus? What Art Of The Constitution Provides For It?

Answer :

Habeas Corpus: literally means that human man or woman is sacred. Hence no guy may be detained illegally. Whenever a person is detained he must be produced before a court. This writ is a powerful protect in opposition to arbitrary arrest and detention Art. 32 of the charter affords for Habeas Corpus.

Question 35. Do The Members Of The Armed Forces Enjoy The Fundamental Rights Given By The Constitution?

Answer :

The parliament may restrict the fundamental rights with the aid of passing laws. Beyond such regulations the participants of the Armed Forces revel in their fundamental rights.

Question 36. What Are Principal Duties Of The Indian Citizens?

Answer :

Obeying the charter, displaying recognize to the national flag and the countrywide anthem, defending India’s sovereignty, integrity, and unity protective countrywide properties and upholding India"s glorious combined subculture and also displaying admire to lady are the primary obligations of the Indian residents.

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Question 37. When Were The Duties Of The Citizens Added To The Constitution?

Answer :

Ten duties of the Indian citizens had been introduced to the charter by means of the 42nd amendment to the charter.

Question 38. In What Chapter Of The Constitution And In What Arts Are The Directive Principles Of The Constitution Given?

Answer :

In chapter IV Arts 35-fifty one the directive principle of the constitution are given.

Question 39. What Is The Principal Difference Between The Directive Principles And The Fundamental Rights?

Answer :

The fundamental rights are justiciable even as the directive standards are non-justiciable i.E. The essential rights are enforced through the courts whilst the directives aren't enforced by way of the courts.

Question forty. Name Four Important Directives Given In The Indian Constitution?

Answer :

(1) The states ought to provide help in cases of old age, unemployment and disability.

(2) State should strive to lessen in­equality between individuals, corporations and professions

(3) State ought to sell and foster rural cottage industries.

(4) The country should offer compulsory free number one education to youngsters below 14 years if age.

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Question 41. Name Two Directives Based On The Ideal Of Socialism?

Answer :

 (A) The country should save you awareness of the ownership of the manner of manufacturing within the arms of the few (Art. 39c).

(B) The kingdom should offer help and assistance in case of unemployment and incapacity.

Question 42. What Directive Is Based On A Gandhian Ideal?

Answer :

Art forty five of the charter directs the nation to sell and foster Panchayati Raj in India.

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Question 43. What Are The Value And Importance Of The Directive Principles?

Answer :

The directive principles via non-justiciable aren't worthless. Sir B.N. Rao contends that the directives are moral precepts. K.M. Panikkar holds that the directives promise India to achieve monetary socialism or economic democracy.

Question forty four. What Directive Aims To Secure Separation Of The Executive From The Judiciary?

Answer :

Art 50 of the constitution direct the country to split the govt from the judiciary. This is essential to comfortable the independence of the judiciary from govt manage and influence.

Question forty five. How The Arts Related To Fundamental Rights May Be Amended?

Answer :

The Arts associated with fundamental rights may be amended whilst a invoice to that effect is exceeded through 2/3 votes of the members present and voting in every House of the Parliament however the members present and balloting need to constitute a majority of total club of every House.

Question 46. In What Art Of The Indian Constitution India Has Been Described As A “union Of States”.

Answer :

Art one of the Indian constitutions says that India this is Bharat shall be a Union of States.

Question forty seven. What Is The Other Name Of India Given In The Constitution And In What Art.?

Answer :

India is also referred to as Bharat in Art.1 of the charter.

Question forty eight. Does Any Art Of The Indian Constitution Use The Term “federation”? If Not What Is The Term Used In The Constitution By Which India Can Be Called A Federation’?

Answer :

No Art of the constitution calls India a federation. Instead Art.1 of the constitution calls India a Union of States. From this, constitutional specialists infer that India is a federation.

Question forty nine. “an Indestructible Federation Of Indestructible States” Does This Description Apply To India?

Answer :

President Abraham Lincoln referred to as the US an indestructible federation of indestructible states. This description does no longer apply to India because an Indian state can be easily destroyed via the manner of Re-employer of states. Hence India may be referred to as an indestructible federation of very a whole lot destructible state.

Question 50. Through How Many Lists Powers Have Been Distributed Between The Union And The States In India? Name Them.

Answer :

The Indian charter distributes powers between the union and the states through 3 lists, the Union list, the State listing and the Concurrent listing.

Question fifty one. What Is The Procedure Through Which Powers Have Been Distributed Between The Union And The States In India?

Answer :

The Indian Constitution has not observed both the U. S. Or the Canadian gadget of distribution of powers between the federal government and the governments of the federating gadgets. In the U. S. A. There may be simplest one listing of powers of the national government. The residues belong to the states. In Canada there is only one listing of powers of the governments of the provinces and the residues belong to the primary authorities. In India there are three lists—the Union listing, the State list and the Concurrent listing. The residues belong to the centre.

Question fifty two. Under What Circumstances The Union Government Can Legislate On Subjects In The State List?

Answer :

On three events the Union authorities can also legislate on state subjects.

(i) to present impact to an worldwide treaty,

(ii) when the Rajya sabha by 2/3 majority authorized the Parliament below Art 249 to legislate on any nation subject,

(iii) while one or greater states request the union government to legislate on any country situation.

Question 53. Under What Art The President May Constitute Inter State Councils And For What Purpose?

Answer :

Under Arts 263 of the Indian constitution the President might also represent Inter State Councils to modify the family members between the centre and the states or between the states.

Question 54. Name Four Important Subjects In The Union List?

Answer :

Defence, Foreign relations, Citizenship and Banking are four important topics in the Union listing.

Question 55. Name Four Important Subjects In State List?

Answer :

(i) Land Revenue,

(ii) Law and order,

(iii) Local authorities,

(iv) Education as much as the secondary degree.

Question 56. What Do You Mean By Concurrent List? Name Four Important Subjects In Concurrent List?

Answer :

The concurrent list mentions the subjects on which the union and the kingdom governments, both can legislate however in case of struggle between a union and state law the union regulation prevails. Administrative and criminal law, vagrancy, forests, protection of wild animals and birds are four vital subjects inside the concurrent list.

Question fifty seven. Mention Two Circumstances When The Union Government Can Issue Directives To The State Governments?

Answer :

The union government may difficulty directive to the nation authorities for the safety of the Railways and Ports and additionally on topics taken into consideration essential in the country wide hobby.

Question 58. What Is Meant By Residual Powers?

Answer :

 In a federal constitution powers no longer mentioned in any listing of powers given to the centre or the states is called the residual energy. In India the residuary belongs to the union authorities.

Question fifty nine. Mention Two Taxes The Proceeds Of Which Are Divided Between The Union And The State Governments?

Answer :

Non-agricultural income tax and excise duties except on cosmetics and medicines.




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