Interview Questions.

Top 100+ Biomedical Engineering Interview Questions And Answers

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Top 100+ Biomedical Engineering Interview Questions And Answers

Question 1. What Is Myoelectric Control?

Answer :

Myoelectric manage uses the alerts from a residual limb for the motion of the prosthetics. Myoelectric manipulate technologies achieve alerts from the pores and skin on the limbs.

Question 2. What Is Bmi?

Answer :

BMI is Body Mass Index. It is a assessment of someone's top and weight. It is a person's weight divided by using the rectangular of the height. Its SI unit is kg/sq.M.

Medical Terminology(Adaptive*) Interview Questions
Question three. Explain Mri.

Answer :

MRI is Magnetic Resonance Imaging. It is a medical imaging technique that offers an in depth structure of internal organs, especially tender tissues. MRI uses a strong magnetic subject and generates pix and models of the required organ.

Question four. What Are The Wave Patterns Seen In An Eeg Scan?

Answer :

Wave styles seen in an EEG experiment are delta - kingdom of sleep, theta drowsiness, alpha - rest, beta - lively thinking and gamma. Alpha also contains a mu-rhythm

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Question five. Explain What Is The Principle Behind Dna Fingerprinting?

Answer :

DNA fingerprinting is the method of genetic fingerprinting. In this method, DNA series can be used for identity of an individual. The important utility of DNA fingerprinting is forensics. The major principle at the back of at the back of DNA fingerprinting is Polymerase Chain Reaction. This approach is also popularly called DNA profiling.

Biotechnology Interview Questions
Question 6. What Is Pathogens. Name Some Types Of Pathogens?

Answer :

Pathogens are those organism which feeds on other organism for his or her food. Pathogens may be transported through many special routes, inclusive of airborne, direct or indirect touch, sexual contact, through blood, breast milk, or different frame fluids, and via the fecal-oral path. Pathogens can be used to suppress pest population. Different types of pathogens are viral, bacterial, fungal and many others.

Question 7. What Is A Microarray?

Answer :

Microarrays are arrays wherein DNA oligonucleotides of DNA sequences are spotted as a matrix. Microarrays are utilized in gene expression profiling, single nucleotide polymorphism detection, detection of alternative splicing etc. Microarrays perform hybridization of cDNA using probes. A microarray chip has the capability to carry out a big set of genetic associated experiments simultaneously.

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Question eight. Do You Know About Alzheimer's Disease?

Answer :

Alzheimer's is a brain disease caused due to tau protein misfolding. It is an incurable ailment and may be identified in a PET or MRI scan. Alzheimer's is related greater with aging, in which the disease is detected in human more than 65 years of age. The signs are reminiscence losses, pressure, confusion and also aggression. Diagnosis is mainly carried out by behavior related assessments.

Question nine. Do You Know About Epilepsy?

Answer :

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder. It takes place because of atypical indicators in the human brain. These bizarre indicators motive seizures and unconsciousness.

Medical Cardiology Interview Questions
Question 10. Do You Know What Are The Most Commonly Used Technologies In Medical Imaging?

Answer :

Electron microscopy, Computer Tomography, radiography, thermography, nuclear remedy, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Question eleven. What Is Therapeutic Cloning?

Answer :

Cloning is a technique of duplicating a DNA or part of the DNA. Therapeutic cloning in any other case called somatic cell nuclear switch is a system in which an embryo is utilized. The embryo contains stem cells, which can be used in regeneration programs. Embryonic stem cells have the capability of renewing and are pluripotent that is it could remodel or grow into greater than 220 sorts of cells of the human frame.

Medical Coding Interview Questions
Question 12. What Is Biomechanics?

Answer :

Biomechanics applies principles of mechanics to apprehend and simulate medical troubles and structures inclusive of fluid delivery and variety of movement. Prosthetic organs inclusive of artificial hearts, kidneys, and joints are examples of gadgets advanced by way of biomechanical engineers.

Medical Terminology(Adaptive*) Interview Questions
Question thirteen. What Is Bioinstrumentation?

Answer :

Bioinstrumentation entails use of engineering standards and methods, along with computers, in developing devices for prognosis and treatment of ailment.

Question 14. Do You Know What Biomedical Engineers Actually Do?

Answer :

Biomedical engineers may work in hospitals, universities, enterprise and laboratories. They revel in more than a few possible responsibilities, which includes the layout and development of synthetic organs, modeling of physical techniques, development of blood sensors and other physiologic sensors, layout of healing strategies and devices for harm healing, improvement and refinement of imaging strategies and system, improvement of superior detection structures, checking out of product performance, and most desirable lab layout.

Question 15. Do You Know What Is Biomedical Engineering?

Answer :

Biomedical Engineering blends conventional engineering strategies with biological sciences and medicinal drug to enhance the best of human fitness and life. The area focuses each on know-how complex dwelling structures - thru experimental and analytical strategies - and on improvement of gadgets, strategies and algorithms that enhance clinical and biological knowledge while improving the effectiveness and transport of clinical medicine.

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Question 16. What You Know Dna Fingerprinting?What Techniques Are Used For Dna Fingerprinting?

Answer :

DNA fingerprinting or genetic fingerprinting is a technique wherein a DNA collection is used for identification of an person. It is in the main utilized in forensics. Polymerase Chain Reaction and Short Tandem Repeats strategies are normally used for DNA fingerprinting.

Question 17. What Is Biomaterials?

Answer :

Biomaterials involves improvement of natural dwelling tissue and artificial materials for use within the human frame. Choice of materials with suitable properties is important to layout of functional organs, bones and other implantable substances, which can also consist of alloys, ceramics, polymers and composites.

Medical School Interview Questions
Question 18. What Is Clinical Engineering In Biomedical Engineering?

Answer :

Clinical Engineering entails development and protection of computer databases, inventorying scientific device and contraptions as well as buy of medical system used in hospitals. Clinical engineers may go with physicians to personalize system to the explicit wishes of the sanatorium or medical procedure.

Biotechnology Interview Questions
Question 19. What Is Medical Imaging?

Answer :

Medical Imaging combines electronic data processing, analysis and display with expertise of physical phenomena to identify and characterize fitness problems such as tumors, malformations and so forth. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound and other techniques are generally used

Question 20. What Is Rehabilitation Engineering?

Answer :

Rehabilitation Engineering focuses on enhancing the independence, skills and exceptional of life of individuals with physical impairments. This uniqueness may contain development of custom designed answers to address distinctly unique wishes of people.

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Question 21. What Is Systems Physiology?

Answer :

Systems Physiology focuses on expertise - on the microscopic and submicroscopic ranges - how structures inside dwelling organisms characteristic, from pharmaceutical drug reaction to metabolic systems and sickness response, voluntary limb movements to skin recovery and auditory body structure. This strong point involves experimentation and modeling using mathematical formulations.

Question 22. Do You Know What Are Some Important Advances Made By Biomedical Engineers?

Answer :

Biomedical Engineers have evolved many essential strategies and gadget:

Hip joint alternative.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Heart pacemakers.
Arthroscopic instrumentation for diagnostic and surgical functions.
Heart-lung machines.
Angioplasty.
Bioengineered skin.
Time-release drug delivery.
Artificial articulated joints.
Kidney dialysis.
Question 23. Do You Know What Is Flow Control In Biomedical Engineering?

Answer :

Flow manipulate, additionally referred to as optimized production era, focuses on the efficient glide of material via the production method. The philosophy of drift manage makes a speciality of bottlenecks. For instance, an owner the use of float manage will now not buy a machine capable of 1,000 gadgets an hour if deliver is simplest 500 gadgets. Examine systems and decide wherein lowest waft is skilled, then deal with that factor and make certain it operates at complete capacity. Flow control applies well where maximum productivity is required.

Question 24. What Is Gram Staining Method?

Answer :

This approach is used to perceive bacterial species into  communities i.E. Gram effective and gram poor. This method is based totally on chemical and bodily properties of their cellular partitions. It may be used to hit upon peptidoglycan, that's found in a thick layer in Gram fine bacteria. Purple/blue coloration refers back to the gram wonderful micro organism. Red shade stain refers to the gram poor bacteria. This method could be very popularly used within the identity of bacterial organism.

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Question 25. Explain What Is Blood Brain Barrier?

Answer :

Blood brain barrier is induced in imperative frightened machine, when blood stream is separated from the brain more cellular fluid (BECF). This phenomenon takes place along all capillaries. It includes tight junctions around the capillaries that do not exist in ordinary stream. Cells of the barrier actively shipping metabolic merchandise inclusive of glucose throughout the barrier with unique proteins. This barrier also includes astrocytic end toes and additionally consists of a thick basement membrane.

Question 26. Do You Know What Is Lmo? State Some Of Its Importance?

Answer :

LMO stands for dwelling changed organism. LMO are the ones organisms that have been genetically changed thru the software of biotechnology. LMO additionally consists of organisms that have been changed by using novel recombinant DNA strategies in addition to the ones which have been changed via mutagenesis or classical breeding and choice strategies. Importance of LMO's is they can consume unsafe waste.

Question 27. What Is Technique Of Gene Conversion?

Answer :

Gene conversion refers back to the event in DNA genetic recombination. This event occurs at excessive frequencies at some point of meiotic department but which additionally happens in somatic cells. Through this manner we will transfer DNA records from one DNA helix to some other DNA helix, whose sequence is altered. Gene mutation can also be executed thru this procedure. IT may additionally cause non-Mendelian inheritance. This phenomenon has frequently been recorded in fungal crosses.

Medical Cardiology Interview Questions
Question 28. What Is Rccs? What Is Its Lifespan?

Answer :

RCCS stands for rotary mobile subculture machine. It is a device designed to grow 3-dimensional mobile clusters in microgravity. This tool turned into evolved via NASA to look at the cellular tissues of mammals-including humans-in microgravity. Tissues grown inside the RCCS are large and 3-dimensional, with structural and chemical traits similar to ordinary tissue. RCCS has no transferring components, consequently cells are less susceptible to harm and therefore gives longer existence span.

Question 29. What Is Method Of Perfusion. State Some Of Its Drawbacks?

Answer :

Perfusion is the manner of transport of blood to a capillary mattress in the biological tissue. Tests of adequate perfusion are a part of the affected person assessment method performed by using clinical or emergency personnel. The maximum commonplace techniques encompass comparing skin shade, temperature, condition and capillary refill. Perfusion may be of  kinds over perfusion and under perfusion. Types of perfusion is assessed in line with the average stage of perfusion across all tissues in an character body, Tissues just like the heart are taken into consideration overperfused and receive more blood than might be predicted to satisfy the metabolic wishes of the tissue.

Question 30. Explain Difference Between Introns And Exons?

Answer :

An intron refers to any nucleotide collection within a gene that is eliminated by using RNA splicing to generate the very last mature RNA product of a gene. The term intron refers to each the DNA series within a gene, and the corresponding collection in RNA transcripts. Introns are found within the genes of most organisms and plenty of viruses.

An exon can be noted a series in DNA or its RNA transcript. In broad feel. An exon is a nucleic acid collection that is represented in the mature shape of an RNA molecule.

Question 31. What Are Immunoglobulins? Explain Its Structure?

Answer :

Immunoglobulins are popularly known as antibody. These are big Y-formed protein produced by using B-cells this is utilized by the immune machine to become aware of and neutralize overseas items inclusive of micro organism and viruses. Immunoglobulins are "Y" shaped shape that is having  hints and each tip of immunoglobulins incorporates a paratope. Immunoglobulins are generally fabricated from basic structural gadgets-every with two huge heavy chains and two small light chains. The wellknown structure of all antibodies could be very comparable; a small region at the tip of the protein is extremely variable.

Question 32. What Is Frame Shift Mutation? Is This Mutation Similar To Single-nucleotide Polymorphism?

Answer :

This is the sort of mutation in which DNA collection is changed due to addition and deletion of nucleotides. This mutation adjustments the code for amino acids. This is likewise referred to as framing error or studying frame shift. This mutation will reason the analyzing of the codons after the mutation to code for exceptional amino acids. No, this mutation isn't always much like unmarried-nucleotide polymorphism. In single-nucleotide polymorphism nucleotide is changed, in place of inserted or deleted.

Question 33. Explain The Difference Between Retrovirus And Provirus?

Answer :

A retrovirus is a RNA virus which may be duplicated in a bunch cell the usage of the opposite transcriptase enzyme. It can produce DNA from its RNA genome. The produced DNA is then included into the host's genome by means of anintegrase enzyme. The RNA virus thereafter replicates as a part of the host mobile's DNA. Retroviruses are enveloped viruses that belong to the viral own family Retroviridae.

Provirus is a deadly disease genome that can combine into DNA of host mobile. In inactive viral infections the virus will not mirror itself but via replication of its host cellular. This nation can final over many host cellular generations.

Medical Coding Interview Questions
Question 34. What Is Prosthetic Limb? What Are Its Drawbacks?

Answer :

It is an synthetic device which can be used to update a missing frame component. It is based on the principle of biomechatronics. It may be used to replace body part missing from start, because of injury or because of disorder. The principal downside of prosthetic limb is its fee. Moreover, prosthetic limbs should get replaced every 3-4 yr because of the damage and tear. If the limb has healthy tissues then the sockets inside the limb should get replaced each month.

Question 35. Explain The Mechanism Of Elisa. What Are Its Uses?

Answer :

ELISA stands for enzyme connected immunosorbent assay. It is a moist lab type analytical biochemistry assay. It can hit upon presence of a substance in a liquid or wet sample by using the use of one subtype of heterogeneous, solid-segment enzyme immunoassay. ELISA may be used as ligand binding assays. It is also used as a diagnostic device in remedy and plant pathology. Quality test operations can also be done in diverse industries with the assist of ELISA.

Question 36. What Is Isotopic Tracer Technique?

Answer :

This approach is used to recognize chemical reaction and interactions in bio-chemistry and chemistry. In this technique, one or extra of the atoms of the molecule of hobby is substituted for an atom of the identical chemical detail, but that detail belongs to one of a kind isotope. It can be used to hit upon the distinction in quantity of neutrons one after the other from the other atoms of the identical element. The atom has the equal variety of protons; it'll behave in almost precisely the identical way chemically as other atoms within the compound, and with few exceptions will now not interfere with the response underneath research.

Medical Representative Interview Questions
Question 37. Explain The Difference Between Gram Positive And Gram Negative Bacteria?

Answer :

In gram staining protocol, gram effective bacteria are stained darkish blue or violet. Crystal violet stain may be retained by using the gram high quality bacteria because of the excessive quantity of the peptidoglycan in the cell wall. Gram-fine mobile walls commonly lack the outer membrane located in Gram-poor micro organism.

In gram staining protocol, gram terrible bacteria do not preserve crystal violet dye. Gram bad bacteria have pathogenic capability. Gram negative bacteria have cytoplasmic membrane which is not found in gram positive micro organism.

Question 38. What Are Forbidden Clones?

Answer :

Clones refer to producing genetically identical people. Forbidden clones talk to clones of these cells which had immunological reactivity with self antigens. Embryonic existence is removed from those varieties of clones. Such form of clones is called 'forbidden clones'.

Question 39. What Is Superiority Of Tlc Over Paper Chromatography?

Answer :

TLC is superior over paper chromatography due to inorganic nature of adsorbent focused sulfuric acid spray. The spray is then observed via heating. It can be used to develop on the chromatogram with the aid of charring. Also, amino acid combos require 18 hours for separation on paper. It requires 3 hrs the use of cellulose TLC. The benefits of TLC lie in adsorbents which do not permit separation on paper. In TLC we have a good deal wider preference of adsorbents relying upon needs and pattern.

Question 40. Explain The Biological Neuron Model. How Is It Different From Artificial Neuron?

Answer :

Biological neuron is likewise generally referred to as spiking neuron model. This model is mathematical description of the properties of the nerve cell or neuron. This model is formulated to predict and describe the biological procedures. This is different from artificial neuron because, synthetic neuron is primarily based on computational effectiveness. Artificial neuron is based totally at the synaptic weight for determining the neuron output.

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