SAP TESTING Interview Questions and Answers
Q1. Notice what is SAP Testing?
Ans: The SAP Testing is same as programming application Manual Testing. It assists with distinguishing and amend blunder at all business modules like money, producing, and so forth.
Or on the other hand
SAP Testing is tied in with testing the usefulness of above SAP modules and to guarantee that they proceed according to the design.
Q2. Notice what is SAP?
SAP represents System Applications and Products. It furnishes client the capacity to speak with normal corporate information bases for a far reaching scope of uses. It makes the business interaction work effectively.
Q3. What are the normal SAP R/3 modules?
Ans: The most well-known SAP R/3 modules are −
SAP Material Management.
SAP Financial Accounting and Controlling.
SAP Sales and Distribution.
SAP Human Resource.
SAP Supply Chain Management.
SAP Plant Management
Q4. Notice what are the kinds of testing is finished for SAP?
Ans: Types of SAP testing are,
Useful and Regression testing
Joining testing, etc
Q5. Notice how to make a powerful SAP Test case?
Ans: Determine SAP job expected to execute the experiment
Recognize the SAP exchange that should be executed for the experiment
Test Data requires executing the experiment. Decide if the information should be made or whether it is utilized by another analyzer or whether the information is locked and can't be adjusted
Is there any pre-necessities required
Make negative as well as sure situations
Make definite Test Steps
Test inclusion ought to be strong
Report deserts as quickly as possibly when they are found
Q6. Notice devices valuable for SAP Testing?
Ans: Tools valuable for SAP Testing incorporate,
QTP ( Quick Test Professional Tool)
Q7. Why picking a right technique is a higher priority than picking an instrument for SAP Testing?
Ans: Choosing right system is significant for SAP Testing in light of the fact that,
SAP is a humungous framework with vast varieties. It's neither doable nor savvy to check every conceivable variety and mixes of test boundary inputs in SAP framework.
A Tester needs to embrace systems to diminish the quantity of experiments without forfeiting inclusion.
Instances of such systems incorporate,
Limit esteem investigation,
Identicalness parceling and symmetrical exhibit.
Q8. Notice what are the advantages for SAP applications?
Ans: Benefits for SAP applications are,
Further developed test inclusion
Better item quality and less creation blackouts
Responsibility diminishes with each delivery cycle
Q9. Notice what are the difficulties looked during SAP Testing?
Ans: During SAP Testing difficulties confronted are,
Substantial mix of test information expected for testing
Every one of the basic points of interaction ought not entirely set in stone, and their network ought to be laid out with comparing test frameworks
To perceive the business processes which are reasonable for test mechanization
Distinguish negative testing conditions
Notice how does the framework configuration follow back to all caught prerequisites and the quantity of experiments
Distinguish Regression situations/experiments and construct Regression test suite that expects during each delivery
Overseeing result and information to finish the situations OTC, P2P, and so on.
Plan hearty Automation Framework that ought to be viable and versatile.
Q10. Notice what are the focuses to be considered while performing SAP Interface Testing?
While performing SAP Interface Testing followed focuses.
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Q11. What is the goal of utilizing SAP Interface and what business situations are handled by the connection point?
Ans: Verify the point of interaction is handling all business situations precisely according to the test methodology
Best practice to perform Interface testing is regardless Unit testing
Confirm assuming the outbound connection point is okay, and that implies that it guarantees to perform document meeting particulars with regards to design, and so on.
Check assuming the inbound connection point is okay. Check assuming that it is perusing the document accurately and in the event that it is playing out the right strides in the objective situation.
Q12. Notice what are the kinds of work processes in SAP?
Ans: In SAP, sorts of work processes incorporate are
Q13. Notice what is the distinction between pieces, support bundles and SAP Note?
Ans: The contrast between pieces, support bundles and SAP Note is,
Snote: By carrying out a SAP Note a blunder in a solitary program or Transaction is eliminated.
Support Package: All realized blunders are revised by applying SAP Support Package
SAP Kernel: It is the center of the application. At the point when a Kernel is overhauled, it implies a more established renditions of the different EXE records get supplanted.
Q14. Notice what is ECATT?
Ans: ECATT is utilized to execute and make practical tests for SAP. An inbuilt instrument comes packaged with SAP with an essential goal of computerized testing of SAP business processes.
Q15. Notice what are the valuable elements of ECATT?
Ans: Useful highlights of ECATT are,
Test exchanges, situations, and reports
Test far off frameworks
Call BAPIs and capability modules
Really take a look at Authorizations (client profiles)
Test the impact of changes to alter settings
Check framework messages
Q16. Notice what is the distinction between designer follow, System follow, and System log?
Ans: The distinction between engineer follow, System follow, and System log
Framework Trace: It is utilized when you need to record the inside SAP framework exercises
Designer Trace: It contains specialized data for use in case of issues with your framework. Involving the sections in the engineer follows requires sound information on the host frameworks in which your SAP framework is running
Framework Log: You can utilize the log to feature and correct mistakes happened in your framework and its current circumstance.
Q17. What is SAP TAO?
Ans: SAP TAO is a mechanization instrument to create experiments for start to finish situations for SAP applications. Aside from this, there are different other Automation testing apparatuses for SAP testing like HP QTP, and ECATT, and so on that can be utilized.
Q18. For what reason do we perform SAP testing in organization?
Ans: Here is a rundown of key motivations behind why SAP testing is performed and why it is a significant capability in the development of an association −
Framework Validation − SAP Testing includes total start to finish testing and approval of all SAP modules in SAP ERP climate.
Quality and Revenue − SAP Testing is a result based testing dislike customary testing strategies which are input-based. It guarantees the nature of SAP framework and furthermore centers around income and cost of the association.
Cost and Predictability − SAP Testing includes diminishing the SAP advancement costs and further develop consistency.
Consistence Requirement − SAP Testing guarantees that the SAP execution is meeting the new consistence necessities in a particular association and every one of the modules are filling in according to the normal setup.
New Implementation and Configuration Changes − There are various sorts of changes executed in a SAP framework, similar to patches and fixes, new execution, configurational changes. Thusly, SAP testing guarantees that every one of the modules are proceeding according to prerequisite in this unique framework climate.
Incorporation − SAP testing is performed to test different reports, information streams and work processes, GUI structures, and so forth. Checking framework coordination between various modules is utilized. For instance, assuming a request posting is done that requires an activity in Sales and Distribution, MM and FICO, then SAP testing really looks at the combination between these frameworks.
Execution − It is likewise used to guarantee assuming the framework will actually want to meet the Service Level arrangements, time made by framework to perform explicit moves, execution of the framework, and so forth.
Q19. What is Unit Testing?
Ans: It is a sort of white-box testing that includes testing a solitary unit or gathering of units.
Q20. What is Integration Testing?
Ans: In this testing, various frameworks are joined together to test the result of the coordinated framework.
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Q21. What is Stress Testing?
Ans: In this testing, the framework is placed into pressure past its particular to check when it fizzles.
Q22. What is Beta Testing?
Ans: The point of beta testing is to cover unforeseen mistakes. It falls under the class of black-box testing. It is performed by delivering the pre-adaptation of the end result, called Beta.
Q23. What is ETL Testing?
Ans: ETL testing is performed to guarantee in the event that information is accurately separated, changed, and stacked from a source framework to an objective framework.
Q24. What is Manual Testing?
Ans: Manual testing implies you are trying a product physically without utilizing any computerized devices or any content. In this kind of testing, the analyzer assumes control over the job of an end-client and tests the product to recognize bugs or any unforeseen way of behaving.
There are various phases of a manual testing. They are − unit testing, joining testing, framework testing, and client acknowledgment testing.
Q25. What is Automation Testing? How it is not quite the same as Manual Testing?
Ans: In Automation testing, the analyzer composes the contents and uses programming devices to test the item. This interaction includes the robotization of a manual cycle. Computerization testing incorporates re-running the testcases on numerous occasions that were performed physically.
Mechanization testing is additionally used to test the application from burden, execution, and stress reason. Expanding the inclusion of test is utilized. Mechanization testing works on the exactness and sets aside time and cash in contrast with manual testing.
Q26. What are the different programming Testing apparatuses?
Ans: HP Quick Test Professional (QTP)
Q27. What is going on with STLC? For what reason do we utilize STLC?
Ans: Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) comprises of the relative multitude of steps that are acted with a particular goal in mind to guarantee that quality objectives are met and each step has explicit objectives and expectations.
STLC is utilized to work on the nature of a product item and to make it fit to meet the business necessities to accomplish specific objectives.
Q28. What are the various stages under Software Testing Life Cycle?
Ans: The various stages that go under Software Testing Life Cycle are as per the following −
Test Design Phase
Test Execution Phase
Test Closure Phase
Q29. Give an illustration of Unit and System testing in SAP testing?
Assume the errand is to make a business request and save it. To perform unit testing for this undertaking, the analyzer ought to realize that the business request can be saved utilizing the SAP association components like client ace information, accomplice capabilities, material expert information, organization code, credit control region, deals association, and so on.
In ABAP improvement, Unit testing can be performed to check in the event that a report can be made from designer produced information. It needs support from the space master.
Assuming that you say an income for a citation in an association would demonstrate the way that a statement can be utilized to make a deals request, a conveyance can be made and handled from the request, the conveyance can be charged, the charging delivered to bookkeeping, and a client installment applied against the bookkeeping receipt.
Q30. What is SAP Security and Authorization Testing?
Ans: Security and Authorizations Testing is utilized to guarantee that clients are simply ready to execute exchanges and access suitable information that is pertinent to their undertaking.
Likewise with the execution of Security principles, this is truly critical to test in the event that security and approval is set in a framework. Test IDs for work jobs are made and used to both affirm what a client can do and what a client can't do.
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Q31. What is SAP Cutover Testing?
Ans: SAP Cutover Testing
Cutover testing is typically performed once in a venture lifecycle. Here a full-scale execution is finished of the relative multitude of undertakings required to remove information from heritage frameworks. Then, at that point, to play out any sort of information change, load the outcomes into the SAP framework and completely approve the outcomes, including a client close down.
Q32. What is OPA?
Q33. What is Screen Flow Logic?
Ans: Screen stream rationale in SAP Testing resembles an ABAP code and it is utilized to contain the handling blocks. It contains the procedural piece of the screen. It is made in screen painter and this screen painter is like an ABAP proofreader.
Q34. What is Load Testing?
Ans: In Load Testing, the analyzer applies greatest burden on a framework, either online clients or occasional cluster handling, and distinguishes whether the framework is sufficiently able to deal with the heap. If not, it figures out the means expected to further develop execution.
Q35. What is System Performance Testing?
Ans: Performance testing really looks at the accompanying angles −
Whether the framework reaction time is satisfactory according to the business prerequisite
Whether occasional cycles are running inside reasonable time,
Whether the normal simultaneous client burden can be upheld
Execution testing recognizes bottlenecks and coding shortcomings in the SAP framework. It isn't logical that framework execution adjusting is impeccably set and the program is running with advanced code.
Q36. What is SAP Interface Testing?
Ans: Interface testing guarantees that a business cycle on a SAP framework runs naturally, the occasions are set off, and the outcomes are moved to the collector framework. Interface testing includes execution on the sending framework followed via programmed age of the point of interaction result, and afterward the getting framework consuming that document and demonstrating that a business cycle progresses forward with the recipient.
In a perfect world, interface testing includes bigger testing exercises as a task advances. Interface testing shows that setting off works, the information choice is precise and complete, information move is effective, and the recipient can consume the sent information.
Q37. Is it conceivable that transforming one module can likewise impact different modules of your SAP execution? How?
Ans: Suppose you need to make a Sales Order in Sales and Distribution (SD) module. Here, you first need to enter the exchange code(e.g., Transaction Code VA01). Then, check the load of the thing in Inventory module and check as far as possible accessible on Customer profile in Customer Relationship Module. It shows that this multitude of modules are reliant; assuming you alter any of these modules, it will influence the connected ERP framework.
Q38. Might you at any point give QTP moves toward perform testing for the above situation?
Ans: To perform SAP testing for the above model, follow the means given beneath −
The initial step is to introduce HP QTP device and to introduce important modules inside QTP to make it viable to interface with ERP framework.
The subsequent stage is to utilize HP Quality Center (QC) to foster the test plan and afterward to change over test plan to Test Scripts. These test plans can be changed over completely to scripts utilizing HP QTP.
Then, record the R/3 GUI screen of SAP framework for SD module while making Sales Order or making PR in MM.
After you are finished with the keep in QTP device, make a content in VB.
SAPGuiSession("Session").SAPGuiWindow("SAP Easy Access - User").SAPGuiOKCode("OKCode").Set "/nVA01"
SAPGuiSession("Session").SAPGuiWindow("SAP Easy Access - User"). SendKey ENTER
You can likewise add various boundaries and customizations according to your prerequisite.
Q39. What is Test Case?
Ans: SAP experiments are expected to play out a mind the establishment and design of the SAP framework, any new execution, multi-language and gadget testing, intranet testing, ongoing testing, and so on.
Q40. Might you at any point give practical experiments to test a SAP SD framework?
Ans: To make a SAP experiment, you can pass input information (right and Incorrect and see the result) −
Right Input Data
Request Date 01/01/2016, Order Type Sales Order
Expiry Date 15/01/2016, Shipping Date 10/01/2016,
Select Payment Due Date 10/01/2015, Item Qty 10, and so forth.
Inaccurate Input Data
Request Date 01/01/2017, Order Type Sales Order
Expiry Date 15/01/2017, Shipping Date 10/01/2017,
Select Payment Due Date 10/01/2017, Item Qty 0, and so forth.
Yield Data - With Correct Data
Request is effectively saved in SAP module and invoiced.
Next is Packing slip number.
Next is Shipping Order number, and so forth.
Yield Data - With erroneous Data
Mistake message for inaccurate information input. Instant message for wrong information ought to be characterized in the framework.
Pressing List#, and so on.
Q41. What is the utilization of SAP TAO?
Ans: SAP TAO assists clients with securing the most common way of making robotized experiments for SAP frameworks. Robotization testing utilizing TAO is performed by making test parts for different exchanges in SAP modules.
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Q42. What are the highlights of SAP TAO?
SAP TAO empowers clients to breakdown a solitary programming into numerous parts which can be coordinated to test cases utilizing a basic point of interaction by relocating each part.
TAO upholds adaptable reuse of experiments and information.
Assuming there is any utilitarian change in the framework, it is not difficult to keep up with experiments in view of this change.
Q43. What renditions of SAP TAO you have utilized?
Ans: TAO 2.0 and TAO 3.0.
Q44. What are the various instruments that can be incorporated with SAP TAO?
Ans: SAP TAO can be effectively coordinated with different instruments to make computerized experiments. A few normal devices which can be incorporated with TAO are −
SAP Solution Manager (Solman).
HP Quality Center QC.
HP Quality Test Professional QTP
Q45. What are the various assignments that you can perform utilizing SAP TAO?
Ans: SAP TAO plays out the accompanying undertakings in SAP Testing Lifecycle −
Recovery of impacted parts
Q46. What is the utilization of Process Flow Analyzer in SAP TAO?
Ans: The principal part is Process Flow Analyzer which is utilized to consequently figure out the UIs utilized in exchange codes executed in the SAP framework. It consequently makes the test parts and transfers them to Quality Center.
Process Flow Analyzer is likewise used to distinguish the arrangement of test parts according to client activities and formation of calculation sheet values.
Q47. How would you follow the progressions and effect on SAP framework utilizing TAO?
Ans: Change Analyzer is utilized to follow the progressions and effect on the SAP framework. At the point when you roll out any improvement to a SAP framework, it recognizes the impacted business processes.
To utilize Change Analyzer, select the particular venture and snap the change influence investigation choice. It will permit you to survey and fix the affected parts in the SAP framework due to this change.
Q48. Where do you store all the test parts and stream in SAP TAO?
Ans: Repository is utilized to contain data pretty much all the test parts and stream in a venture. To survey data about any test part and to check the cycle stream, you can click Component Explorer or PFA Explorer.
Q49. What is TBOM?
Ans: Technical Bill of Material TBOM
Q50. What is the utilization of TBOM in SAP TAO?
Ans: Test building is finished in Quality Center utilizing SAP TAO. You want to combine test parts to make test situations. You can execute a solitary or various tests in SAP TAO utilizing Technical Bill of Material TBOM.
Q51. How would you play out a Single Test execution?
Ans: Technical Bill of Material (TBOM) is utilized to contain the articles in an executable structure. Change Analyzer utilizes this to let know if an executable item is impacted when a change is performed.
In the event that you need to utilize the Business Process Change Analyzer, you want to produce a TBOM for each executable item in test situations and cycles.
Note − If you want to run a solitary test and you need to refresh TBOM, click Execute and refresh TBOM.
You can check the subtleties of update on the TBOM page. You can adjust the run list that is made in SAP TAO.
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Q52. How would you play out various test executions?
Ans: In Business Process Change Analyzer, to execute various tests, you can choose an envelope and add it to the run list. You can likewise choose TBOM creation at the hour of execution.
Note − If TBOM as of now exists at season of execution, it will just refresh the current TBOM.
Q53. What is the utilization of SAP TAO UI Scanner?
Ans: UI scanner is utilized to make new screen parts with existing parts. It is a module for QTP instrument. You ought to attempt to utilize examine tab over UI scanner. The standard UI scanner works just with GUI front-end client. You can likewise utilize outsider UI scanner for catching the screen parts.
Q54. Which rendition of SAP Solman is viable with TAO 3.0?
Ans: Solution Manager 7.1 Onwards
Q55. What is Business Process Testing?
Ans: Business Process Testing (BPT) is a piece of QTP computerization system and is utilized with the Quality Center by HP. BPT is utilized to make robotization test situations and run those situations with practically no earlier information on mechanization.
HP BPT eliminates the intricacy of experiment creation and support and consolidates all the documentation and test computerization in one exertion.
Business Process Testing adjusts the testing system with business objectives and decreases the testing lifecycle time impressively.
Q56. What is HP-ALM apparatus?
Ans: HP Quality Center, a test the board instrument, is presently famously known as Application Life Cycle Management (ALM) apparatus, as it is as of now not simply a test the executives device yet it upholds different periods of the product improvement life cycle.
Q57. What are the upsides of utilizing HP-ALM device?
Ans: HP-ALM assists us with overseeing project achievements, expectations, assets and monitoring project wellbeing, guidelines that permit Product proprietors to check the ongoing status of the item. It is critical to grasp history, engineering, and Quality Center Workflow.
Q58. Have you utilized HP QTP? What is the utilization?
Ans: HP Quick Test Professional (QTP) is a robotized useful testing device that assists analyzers with performing computerized relapse testing to recognize any holes, mistakes/surrenders in opposition to the genuine/wanted aftereffects of the application under test.
Q59. What is distinction between non reusable, usable, and outside reusable activities in QTP?
Non-reusable activity − An activity that can be called exclusively in that particular test in which it has been planned and can be called just a single time.
Reusable activity − An activity that can be considered on numerous occasions any test where it dwells and can likewise be utilized by some other tests.
Outer Reusable activity − It is a reusable activity put away in another test. Outer activities are perused exclusively in the calling test, however it tends to be utilized locally with the editable duplicate of the Data Table data for the outside activity.
Q60. Make sense of the utilization of Consolidation tab in SAP TAO?
Ans: Consolidate is known as a cycle to join SAP TAO parts with inbuilt parts to make test situations as single value-based business parts. It permits you to gather different test parts into one test.
Q61. Process Flow Analyzer wizard is accessible in TAO 2.0?
Ans: SAP TAO 3.0 contains a Process Flow Analyzer recording wizard which can be utilized to facilitate the test recording.
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