Networking Interview Questions and Answers
Q1. Define Network?
Ans: Network in preferred phrases approach a hard and fast of gadgets, related with the help of some media so as to percentage a few assets from a source to a destination and networking is a process of sharing the assets.
Q2. What Is A Node And Links?
Ans: In a laptop community the devices at special endpoint placed at a unique region are referred to as nodes and the physical medium they using is called hyperlinks.
Q3. What is a Link?
Ans: Link is a bodily or a logical component of a network to interconnect nodes or devices.
Q4. What is a router? Or define the fundamental necessities of a router?
Ans: A router is a layer three community device used to set up communique among distinct networks. Basic roles finished by a router are:
Best path choice
Q5. What is a node?
Ans: Node is a connection point on network for statistics transmission. It may be a computer or printer or any kind of tool that is able to sending and receiving the records over the network.
Q6. What Are The Layers Of The OSI Reference Model?
Ans: There are 7 OSI layers:
Data Link Layer
Q7. What is a gateway?
Ans: Gateway is a node of a network which can be used as an entrance for different community. It is a piece of hardware and one-of-a-kind from default gateway.
Q8. What is the use of routing? Or Why we use routing?
Ans: By default, a router gives inter-network verbal exchange only for without delay related networks. To establish conversation among in a roundabout way connected networks, we require ROUTING. We can use static or dynamic (IGP or EGP) routing, consistent with topology requirement.
Q9. What is point-factor hyperlink?
Ans: A connection among nodes of the network is referred as point to factor community and that hyperlink which connects each nodes is point to point hyperlink.
Q10. Describe Domain Name System
Ans: There are two varieties of client/server packages:
First is used at once with the aid of the user, consisting of email
Second helps other utility applications
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a assisting software this is utilized by different applications inclusive of to discover the IP deal with of an email recipient.
Q11. What is Multiple Access?
Ans: Multiple Access permits a couple of devices to transmit records at the same time span. Star or Mesh topology can be used for this.
Q12. Define the criteria for high-quality course selection of a router?
Ans: A router’s routing desk incorporates best nice direction. To pick out a route as first-class, a router considers the subsequent parameters;
Longest prefix match
Minimum AD (administrative distance)
Lowest metric cost
If all indexed parameters are the equal, then it might carry out equal price load balancing.
Q13. What’s the advantage of subnetting?
Ans: With the assist of subnetting we are able to break a huge community into smaller networks and assign IP addresses to those networks without converting our most important network. It enables in utilising our IP addresses extra successfully.
Q14. What Are The Difference Between Domain And Work Group?
Ans: Difference between domain and workgroup as follows:
Domain Server is answerable for data safety Centralize administration Main purpose is to comfortable statistics Best suite in corporation environments
Workgroup Every PC is chargeable for its own security No centralize administration Main goal to shop hardware resource Best suite within the faculty, training institute, cyber cafe
Q15. What is BGP (Border Gateway Protocol)?
Ans: BGP is an outside gateway protocol used to attach two or greater extraordinary self sufficient structures. It is extensively getting used to route the visitors of Internet. It can also paintings for inner AS but we've higher protocols for internal connectivity. It has Administrative distance of 20 for external routes and 200 for inner routes
.Q16. Define “caught in active.”
Ans: If a successor direction (great direction) fails, then the router sends a question message to its neighbor demanding a possible successor (lower back-up route) and a question received by way of the router can be forwarded to different acquaintances that could cause a loop, as well. The watch for the response of question message is known as “caught in active” (SIA).
Q17. What is Gateway-to-Gateway protocol?
Ans: Gateway-to-Gateway protocol is now obsolete. This changed into being used for routing datagrams among internet gateways. It makes use of Minimum hop Algorithm.
Q18. Define Fully Qualified Domain Name And Partially Qualified Domain Name
Ans: In hierarchical namespace, names are described in an invertedtree shape with the root at the top. The tree may have only 128 levels: level zero (root) to degree 127. Each node in the tree has a label, that's a string with a most of sixty three characters. The root label is a null string (empty string). In this tree, all of the labels have a one of a kind call, which assure the individuality of the domains. A complete area name is a sequence of labels separated through dots (.). The domains are constantly examine from the node up to the foundation.
1. Fully Qualified Domain Name :If a label is terminated through a null string or empty string, it's miles called a totally certified area name (FQDN).
2. Partially Qualified Domain Name : If a label is not terminated by means of a null string, it's far called a partially certified area name (PQDN). A PQDN begins from a node, however it does now not stop with the basis.
Q19. What is a Multi-homed Host?
Ans: Multi-homed host is defined as a node connected with a couple of networks. Like a PC may be linked with each Home community and a VPN. These form of hosts may be assigned with a couple of addresses, one for every community.
Q20. Can we use OSPF with out backbone location?
Ans: Yes, but it'll be restrained to intra-vicinity (equal location) verbal exchange. By default, Inter-region verbal exchange is not possible with out spine location.