Common Indian Constitution questions and answers
Q1. Name Four Important Subjects In The Union List?
Defence, Foreign family members, Citizenship and Banking are four vital topics inside the Union listing.
Q2. Mention Two Circumstances When The Union Government Can Issue Directives To The State Governments?
The union government may problem directive to the country authorities for the safety of the Railways and Ports and also on subjects taken into consideration essential in the country wide interest.
Q3. In What Chapter Of The Constitution And In What Arts Are The Directive Principles Of The Constitution Given?
In chapter IV Arts 35-fifty one the directive precept of the constitution are given.
Q4. Which State Of The Indian Union Has A Separate Constitution?
The country of Jammu and Kashmir has a separate constitution.
Q5. What Are Principal Duties Of The Indian Citizens?
Obeying the charter, showing appreciate to the countrywide flag and the national anthem, defending India’s sovereignty, integrity, and unity shielding countrywide houses and upholding India"s superb combined culture and also displaying respect to woman are the predominant responsibilities of the Indian citizens.
Q6. What Are The Value And Importance Of The Directive Principles?
The directive standards thru non-justiciable are not nugatory. Sir B.N. Rao contends that the directives are ethical precepts. K.M. Panikkar holds that the directives promise India to reap monetary socialism or financial democracy.
Q7. Who Was The Chairman Of The Constituent Assembly? Who Was The Chairman Of The Drafting Committee?
Dr. Rajendra Prasad become the Chairman of Constituent Assembly. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar become the Chairman of Drafting Committee
Q8. How The Arts Related To Fundamental Rights May Be Amended?
The Arts associated with fundamental rights may be amended when a invoice to that impact is exceeded by 2/three votes of the contributors present and voting in each House of the Parliament but the members gift and voting ought to represent a majority of general membership of each House.
Q9. Through How Many Lists Powers Have Been Distributed Between The Union And The States In India? Name Them.
The Indian constitution distributes powers among the union and the states via 3 lists, the Union list, the State list and the Concurrent listing.
Q10. What Is Habeas Corpus? What Art Of The Constitution Provides For It?
Habeas Corpus: actually me that human man or woman is sacred. Hence no guy can be detained illegally. Whenever a person is detained he must be produced before a court docket. This writ is a powerful safeguard towards arbitrary arrest and detention Art. 32 of the charter provides for Habeas Corpus.
Q11. What Art Of The Constitution Forbids Use Of Titles Or Honor Conferred By Foreign States?
Q12. When Was Indian Independence Act Passed, By Whom And On The Basis Of What Plan?
Thee Indian Independence Act became passed by means of the British Parliament on 5th July in 194@This act turned into surpassed to present impact to the Mountbatten plan growing the two impartial states of India and Pakistan.
Q13. What Categories Of People Can Be Imprisoned Without Trial?
Under Arts 22 (three) of the charter enemy aliens and folks arrested under preventive detention Acts may be imprisoned with out trial.
Q14. Name Two Directives Based On The Ideal Of Socialism?
(A) The country must save you concentration of the ownership of the me of manufacturing within the palms of the few (Art. 39c).
(B) The country ought to provide help and assistance in case of unemployment and incapacity.
Q15. What Is The Principal Difference Between The Directive Principles And The Fundamental Rights?
The essential rights are justiciable even as the directive standards are non-justiciable i.E. The fundamental rights are enforced by using the courts at the same time as the directives aren't enforced by way of the courts.
Q16. What Are The Freedoms Granted To Citizens By Art 19 Of The Constitution?
Art 19 of the charter grants six freedoms to the citizens They are right to freedom of –
(2) to gather peaceably and with out hands
(three) to form association,
(4) to transport freely in India,
(5) to five everywhere in India and
(6) to adopt any career or business.
Q17. Is The Right To Work And Employment Recognized By Constitution?
The directive precept of the charter announces right to work and employment as suited. But the directives are non- justiciable in person.
Q18. Who Drafted The Indian Constitution?
The Indian constitution became drafted by the Drafting Committee of the ‘Constituent Assembly.
Q19. What Directive Is Based On A Gandhian Ideal?
Art forty five of the constitution directs the kingdom to promote and foster Panchayati Raj in India.
Q20. What Is The Necessity Of The Preamble?
The preamble is like an creation to the charter. The courts use the preamble to clarify: the that means of the Law on every occasion there is an ambiguity.
Q21. What Art Of The Constitution Confers Right To Constitutional Remedies?
Art 32 of the constitution confer the right to constitutional treatments at the citizens.
Q22. When Did The Constitution Come Into Force?
The constitution got here into force on 26th January 1950
Q23. What Is Meant By Equality In The Eye Of Law?
Equality in the eye of regulation as provided with the aid of Art. 14 of the charter mean that no one is above the law. Law applies to all humans equally.
Q24. How Many Arts, Are There In The Indian Constitution?
The authentic constitution had 395 Arts and 7 schedules. Now after the eightieth change of the constitution there are 405 Arts and 10 schedules within the constitution
Q25. When Were The Duties Of The Citizens Added To The Constitution?
Ten obligations of the Indian residents have been added to the constitution through the forty second modification to the charter.
Q26. Is The Preamble To The Constitution Justiciable In Character?
The preamble isn't always justiciable.
Q27. Under What Art The President May Constitute Inter State Councils And For What Purpose?
Under Arts 263 of the Indian constitution the President may additionally represent Inter State Councils to regulate the relations among the centre and the states or among the states.
Q28. How The Indian Constitution Seeks To Protect Children Against Exploitation?
Arts 24 of the charter forbids employment of youngsters in factories, mines, or in risky works.
Q29. Do The Members Of The Armed Forces Enjoy The Fundamental Rights Given By The Constitution?
The parliament may additionally limit the essential rights by way of passing legal guidelines. Beyond such restrictions the individuals of the Armed Forces experience their essential rights.
Q30. What Is Meant By Residual Powers?
In a federal charter powers not cited in any list of powers given to the centre or the states is called the residual power. In India the residuary belongs to the union government.
Q31. When Was The Indian Citizenship Act Passed?
Indian Citizenship Act turned into handed in 1955.
Q32. What Arts Of The Constitutions Confer Right To Freedom Of Religion?
Arts 25 to 28 confer proper to freedom of religion at the citizens.
Q33. What Do You Mean By Concurrent List? Name Four Important Subjects In Concurrent List?
The concurrent list mentions the topics on which the union and the state governments, each can legislate however in case of warfare among a union and kingdom regulation the union regulation prevails. Administrative and criminal regulation, vagrancy, forests, protection of wild animals and birds are 4 important subjects in the concurrent listing.
Q34. What Directive Aims To Secure Separation Of The Executive From The Judiciary?
Art 50 of the charter direct the state to separate the government from the judiciary. This is vital to at ease the independence of the judiciary from govt control and influence.
Q35. What Is The Importance Of Arts 370 Of The Constitution?
This Art offers the state of Jammu & Kashmir a separate constitutional reputation. Laws passed with the aid of the Indian Parliament observe to Jammu & Kashmir if they're everyday by means of the J. K. Legislature.
Q36. Into How Many Categories Are The Indian Citizens Divided?
Indian residents are divided into categories—residents through start and residents by means of adoption.
Q37. Name Four Important Subjects In State List?
(i) Land Revenue,
(ii) Law and order,
(iii) Local authorities,
(iv) Education up to the secondary degree.
Q38. What Are The Provisions Of The Indian Constitution Regarding Integration Or Creation Of New States?
The Indian Parliament by Acts handed that it may combine new states into India or can create new states out of the territory of an present nation or states.
Q39. Mention Two Taxes The Proceeds Of Which Are Divided Between The Union And The State Governments?
Non-agricultural profits tax and excise responsibilities besides on cosmetics and drugs.
Q40. How Many Categories Of Fundamental Rights Of Citizens Has Been Recognized By The Indian Constitution?
Originally the constitution conferred on the Indian residents seven fundamental rights. They are
(a) proper to equalit
(b) right to freedom
(c) right towards exploitation
(d) right to spiritual freedom.
(e) proper to schooling and subculture
(f) proper to property and
(g) proper to constitutional remedies:
At gift there are six essential rights. Right to personal assets has been removed from the listing of fundamental rights by means of the forty fourth amendment of the charter.
Q41. Are The Conferment Of Honour Like Bharat Ratna Or Padma Vibhushan Violative Of Right To Equality Under Art. 114?
No, due to the fact Bharat Ratna, Padma vibhushan etc. Are not considered as titles. They can't be used earlier than or after the names of the people on whom they're conferred.
Q42. Under What Circumstances The Union Government Can Legislate On Subjects In The State List?
On 3 events the Union authorities may legislate on nation subjects.
(i) to offer effect to an international treaty,
(ii) while the Rajya sabha through 2/3 majority authorized the Parliament under Art 249 to legislate on any country issue,
(iii) while one or extra states request the union government to legislate on any nation difficulty.
Q43. How Many States And Union Territories Are There In The Indian Union?
There are 25 states and seven union territories within the Indian Union.
Q44. What Is The Other Name Of India Given In The Constitution And In What Art.?
India is also called Bharat in Art.1 of the constitution.
Q45. How Many Kinds Of Writs The Supreme Court Or The High Court May Issue In Case Of Trgression Of Fundamental Rights?
The Supreme Court or the High Courts may additionally trouble five forms of writs.
These are writs of
(1) Habeas Corpus
(4) Certiorari and
Q46. Name Four Important Directives Given In The Indian Constitution?
(1) The states must offer assist in instances of antique age, unemployment and disability.
(2) State need to try to reduce inequality between individuals, businesses and professions
(3) State must promote and foster rural cottage industries.
(four) The kingdom must provide obligatory loose primary education to children below 14 years if age.
Q47. What Were The Options Before The Indian Native States In The Indian Independence Act?
The Indian Independence Act gave 3 options to the Indian native states
(1) to enroll in India
(2) to sign up for Pakistan
(3) to remain Independent.
Q48. What Are The Political Ideals, According To The Preamble India Seeks To Secure?
India seeks to relaxed to her humans:
Justice: Social Economic and Political.
Liberty: of idea, expression, perception, religion and worship
Equality: of reputation and opportunity, and Fraternity, assuring the honor of the individual and team spirit of the country.
Q49. Does The Indian Constitution Recognize The Principle Of Dual Citizenship?
Though India is a federation, the principle of dual citizenship has not been normal in the charter. All Indi are time-honored because the residents of India. There is no citizenship of the states.
Q50. According To The Preamble India Is What Kind Of State?
According to the unique preamble India is a Sovereign, Democratic Republic. By 42nd change of the charter India is made also a Socialist and Secular state.