Interview Questions.

Agile Interview Questions and Answers


Agile Interview Questions and Answers

Q1. What is Agile Testing?

Ans: Agile Testing is a practice that a QA follows in a dynamic surroundings wherein trying out requirements keep changing in keeping with the purchaser wishes. It is carried out parallel to the development interest wherein trying out group gets commonplace small codes from the improvement crew for trying out.

Q2. What is re-factoring?

Ans: Modification of the code with out changing its functionality to enhance the performance is called re-factoring.

Q3. Explain Velocity in Agile?

Ans: Velocity is a metric this is calculated with the aid of way of addition of all efforts estimates related to individual stories finished in a iteration. It predicts how a fantastic deal art work Agile can whole in a sprint and what type of time will require to complete a assignment.

Q4. What is a check stub?

Ans: A small code which mimics a particular factor inside the device and can replace it. Its output is identical because the factor it replaces.

Q5. What is Test Driven Development (TDD)?

Ans: It is Test-first improvement approach in which we add a take a look at first before we write a whole production code. Next we run the check and based mostly on the give up end result refactor the code to satisfy the take a look at requirement.

Q6. What is Agile manifesto?

Ans: Agile manifesto defines an iterative and people-centric approach to software program application development. It has essentially four key values and 12 principals.

Q7. What is the distinction between burn-up and burn-down chart?

Ans: Burn-up and burn-down charts are used to preserve music the development of the task.

Burn-up charts represent how an awful lot art work has been finished in any assignment while Burn-down chart represents the ultimate artwork in a project.

Q8. What traits should an wonderful Agile tester have?


Agile tester want to be capable of apprehend the requirements rapid.

Agile tester have to know Agile concepts and principals.

As requirements maintain changing, he ought to understand the danger contain in it.

Agile tester have to be capable of prioritize the paintings based totally absolutely at the requirements.

Communication is should for a Agile tester because it calls for a whole lot of communique with builders and business enterprise pals.

Q9. What is a Task board in Agile?

Ans: Task board is dash board which shows progress of the mission. It contains:

User Story: which has the actual industrial organisation requirement.

To Do: Tasks that may be worked on.

In Progress: Tasks in progress.

To Verify: Tasks pending for verification or trying out

Done: Completed obligations.

Q10. Define the jobs in Scrum?

Ans: There are especially three roles that a Scrum group have:

Project Owner – who has the responsibility of dealing with product backlog. Works with end users and clients and offer proper requirement to the team to assemble the proper product.

Scrum Master – who works with scrum team to make sure each sprint receives whole on time. Scrum master ensure proper art work float to the crew.

Scrum Team – Each member within the crew should be self-organized, devoted and accountable for excessive excellent of the paintings.

Q11. What is Product backlog & Sprint Backlog?

Ans: Product backlog is maintained through using the assignment owner which includes each feature and requirement of the product.

Sprint backlog may be treated as subset of product backlog which contains functions and requirements associated with that precise sprint excellent.

Q12. Explain the difference amongst conventional Waterfall model and Agile trying out?

Ans: Agile attempting out is accomplished parallel to the development activity even as in conventional waterfall version checking out is finished at the stop of the development.

As accomplished in parallel, agile trying out is performed on small functions while in waterfall model finding out is carried out on complete utility.

Q13. What is Zero sprint in Agile?

Ans: It may be described as pre step to the first dash. Activities like putting development surroundings, getting ready backlog and so forth wants to be completed before starting of the primary dash and may be treated as Sprint zero.

Q14. What is Spike?

Ans: There may be a few technical issues or format problem in the project which wants to be resolved first. To provide the solution of these problem “Spikes” are created. Spikes are of  sorts- Functional and Technical.

Q15. Explain Pair Programming and its blessings?

Ans: Pair programming is a way in which  programmer works as organization wherein one programmer writes code and exceptional one reviews that code. They both can switch their roles.


Improved code high-quality: As 2d accomplice critiques the code concurrently, it reduces the possibilities of mistake.

Knowledge transfer is straightforward: One enjoy partner can educate specific associate about the techniques and codes.

Q16. Explain the Iterative and Incremental Development in Agile?

Ans: Iterative Development: Software is evolved and delivered to patron and based totally absolutely on the remarks yet again advanced in cycles or release and sprints. Say in Release 1 software program program is superior in 5 sprints and brought to client. Now customer desires some adjustments, then development team plan for second release which can be completed in some sprints and so on.

Incremental Development:Software is development in additives or increments. In each increment part of the entire requirement is brought.

Q17. How do you deal even as requirements exchange often?

Ans: This question is to check the analytical functionality of the candidate. Answer can be Work with PO to understand the precise requirement to replace check cases. Also understand the threat in changing the requirement. Apart from this one ought to be able to write fashionable check plan and take a look at times. Don’t go for the automation until necessities are finalized.

Q18. What is Scrum ban?

Ans: It is a software program software improvement version that is combination of scrum and kanban. Scrumban is taken into consideration for renovation tasks in which there are common modifications or surprising character tales. It can lessen the minimal completion time for consumer stories.

Q19. What is Application Binary Interface?

Ans: Application Binary Interface or ABI defines an interface for complied software packages or we are able to say it describes the low level interface amongst an software program and the strolling tool.

Q20. What is distinction amongst Epic, User recollections & Tasks?

Ans: User Stories:User Stories defines the actual commercial enterprise requirement. Generally created through manner of Business owner.

Task: To accomplish the commercial enterprise requirements improvement team create responsibilities.

Epic: A group of associated person memories is known as an Epic.

Q21. How QA can add a price to an agile group?

Ans: QA can provide a value addition via questioning in a unique manner about the various situations to check a tale. They can provide brief feedback to the developers whether new functionality is operating remarkable or not.

Q22. Name a few Agile satisfactory techniques.

Ans: Some Agile fine strategies are-


Small comments cycles

Dynamic code assessment


Q23. What is importance of every day arise assembly?

Ans: Daily stand up assembly is important for any crew wherein-

Team discuss about how a brilliant deal paintings has been finished.

What are the plans to clear up technical troubles.

What steps need to carried out to finish the projects and plenty of others.

Q24. What is tracer bullet?

Ans: It may be defined as spike with the contemporary structure or the modern-day-day set of great practices.

The motive of a tracer bullet is to examine how an end-to-stop manner will artwork and check feasibility.

Q25. How the fee of sprint is measured?

Ans: If capability is measured as a percentage of a 40 hours weeks then finished tale elements * group capability

If ability is measured in man hours then Completed tale elements / group capability

Q26. Explain how you can degree the speed of the sprint with varying team ability?

Ans: When making plans a dash generally, the rate of the sprint is measured on the idea of professional judgement based totally totally on historical statistics. However, the mathematical components used to diploma the rate of the sprint are,

first – finished tale factors X group capacity: If you degree capacity as a percent of a 40 hours weeks

Second – finished story factors / group potential: If you diploma capability in man-hours

For our state of affairs 2nd method is applicable.

Q27. What is an epic, person tales and venture?

Ans: Epic: A patron described software program characteristic that is itemized inside the product backlog is known as epic. Epics are sub-divided into testimonies

User Stories: From the consumer mind-set user stories are organized which defines project or company capabilities, and it's far introduced in a selected sprint as expected.

Task: Further down customer testimonies are broken down into one-of-a-kind task

Q28. What are the variations among RUP (Rational Unified Process) and Scrum methodologies?



– Formal Cycle is defined for the duration of four levels, however a few workflows can be concurrent    – Each sprint is a complete cycle

– Formal assignment plan, associated with multiple iterations is used.    – No stop to give up challenge plan. Each subsequent iteration plan is decided at the quit of the cutting-edge technology

– Scope is predefined ahead of the venture start and documented inside the scope document. During the undertaking, scope may be revised.    – It uses a assignment backlog in region of scope scrum

– Artifacts embody Scope Document, formal useful necessities bundle, gadget shape record, development plan, check scripts, and so on.    – Operational software is the best formal artifacts

– Recommended for long time, massive, business enterprise diploma tasks with medium to excessive complexity    – Recommended for quick improvements and employer that are not relying on a cut-off date

Q29. As a tester what have to be your approach whilst necessities trade continuously?

Ans: When requirement continues changing, continuously agile tester have to take following technique

Write everyday take a look at plans and take a look at cases, which makes a speciality of the reason of the requirement instead of its precise data

To recognize the scope of change, paintings closely with the product proprietors or industrial corporation analyst

Make sure group recognize the dangers worried in converting requirements especially on the surrender of the dash

Until the feature is strong, and the necessities are finalized, it's far excellent to wait in case you are going to automate the feature

Changes can be kept to a minimal by negotiating or implement the modifications inside the next dash

Q30. Explain the distinction among Extreme programming and Scrum?


Scrum    Extreme Programing (XP)

– Scrum groups commonly should artwork in iterations referred to as sprints which typically last up to two weeks to at least one month long    – XP group works in technology that last for one or  weeks

– Scrum groups do no longer permit alternate into their sprints    – XP agencies are more flexible and trade their iterations

– In scrum, the product owner prioritizes the product backlog however the crew makes a selection the collection wherein they'll make bigger the backlog devices    – XP group work in strict precedence order, features superior are prioritized thru the customer

– Scrum does now not prescribe any engineering practices    – XP does prescribe engineering practices