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How to Make Minecraft Server on Ubuntu 20.04


How to Make Minecraft Server on Ubuntu 20.04

Minecraft is one of the most mainstream rounds ever. It is a sandbox computer game where players investigate endless universes and fabricate various structures from straightforward houses to transcending high rises. 

This instructional exercise discloses how to make a Minecraft Server on Ubuntu 20.04. We'll utilize Systemd to run the Minecraft worker and the mcrcon utility for associating with the running example. We'll additionally tell you the best way to make a cronjob that performs customary worker reinforcements. 


As indicated by the authority Minecraft site, 4GB of RAM is suggested as a base arrangement for a regular arrangement. 

Introduce the bundles needed to construct the mcrcon device: 

sudo apt update
sudo apt install git build-essential

Installing Java Runtime Environment

Minecraft requires Java 8 or higher. The Minecraft Server needn't bother with a graphical UI, so we'll introduce the headless form of Java. This variant is more reasonable for worker applications since it has less conditions and uses less framework assets. 

Run the accompanying order to introduce the headless OpenJRE 11 bundle: 

sudo apt install openjdk-11-jre-headless

Check the establishment by printing the Java adaptation : 

java -version
openjdk version "11.0.7" 2020-04-14
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1, mixed mode, sharing)

Creating Minecraft User

For security reasons, Minecraft ought not be run under the root client. We will make another framework client and gathering with home catalog/pick/minecraft. The client will have the base vital consents to run the Minecraft worker: 

sudo useradd -r -m -U -d /opt/minecraft -s /bin/bash minecraft

We'll not set a secret word for this client. Thusly, the client won't have the option to login by means of SSHand can't be undermined. To change to the minecraft client, you'll have to sign in to the worker as root or client with sudo benefits . 

Installing Minecraft on Ubuntu

Before beginning with the establishment cycle, change to the minecraft client: 

sudo su - minecraft
  • Run the accompanying order to make three new indexes inside the client home registry: 
  • mkdir - p ~/{backups,tools,server} 
  • The reinforcements index will store your Minecraft worker reinforcements. You can synchronize this catalog to your distant reinforcement worker. 

The apparatuses registry will hold the mcrcon customer and the reinforcement content. 

The worker index will contain the genuine Minecraft worker and its information. 

Downloading and Compiling mcrcon 

RCON is a convention that permits you to interface with the Minecraft workers and execute orders. mcron is RCON customer written in C. 

We'll download the source code from GitHub and manufacture the mcrcon twofold. 

Clone the Tiiffi/mcrcon storehouse from GitHub to the ~/instruments/mcron index: 

Downloading and Compiling mcrcon

At the point when completed, change to the mcron registry and construct the utility: 

cd ~/tools/mcrcon
gcc -std=gnu11 -pedantic -Wall -Wextra -O2 -s -o mcrcon mcrcon.c

When finished, confirm that mcrcon has been effectively ordered by printing its form: 

./mcrcon -v

The yield will look something like this: 

mcrcon 0.7.1 (constructed: Jun 23 2020 15:49:44) - 

mcrcon 0.7.1 (built: Jun 23 2020 15:49:44) -
Bug reports:
	tiiffi+mcrcon at gmail

Downloading Minecraft Server 

There are a few Minecraft worker mods, for example, Craftbukkit or Spigot that permits you to include highlights (modules) on your worker and further redo and change the worker settings. 

In this guide, we will introduce the most recent Mojang's legitimate vanilla Minecraft worker. Similar guidelines apply for introducing other worker mods. 

Head over to the Minecraft download page to get the download connection of the most recent Minecraft worker's Java document record (JAR). At the hour of composing, the most recent form is 1.16. 

wget -P ~/server

Designing Minecraft Server 

Once the download is finished, change to the ~/worker catalog and start the Minecraft worker: 

cd ~/server
java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar server.jar nogui

When begun unexpectedly, the worker executes a few tasks, makes the and eula.txt documents and stops. 

[17:35:14] [main/ERROR]: Failed to load properties from file:
[17:35:15] [main/WARN]: Failed to load eula.txt
[17:35:15] [main/INFO]: You need to agree to the EULA in order to run the server. Go to eula.txt for more info.

To run the worker, you have to consent to the Minecraft EULA, as shown by the yield above. Open the eula.txt record and change eula=false to eula=true: 

nano ~/server/eula.txt

Close and spare the document. 

Next, open the document and empower the rcon convention and set the rcon secret word: 

nano ~/server/

Find the accompanying lines and update their qualities, as demonstrated as follows: 


Remember to change the solid secret key to something safer. In the event that you would prefer not to interface with the Minecraft worker from far off areas, ensure the rcon port is hindered by your firewall. 

While here, you can likewise change the worker's default properties. For more data about the worker settings, visit the page. 

Creating Systemd Unit File

Rather than physically beginning the Minecraft worker, we will make a Systemd unit document and run Minecraft as a help. 

Switch back to your sudo client by composing exit. 

Open your content tool and make a record named minecraft.service in the/and so forth/systemd/framework/catalog: 

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service

Glue the accompanying design: 

Description=Minecraft Server

SuccessExitStatus=0 1
ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar server.jar nogui
ExecStop=/opt/minecraft/tools/mcrcon/mcrcon -H -P 25575 -p strong-password stop


Alter the Xmx and Xms banners as indicated by your worker assets. The Xmx banner characterizes the most extreme memory designation pool for a Java virtual machine (JVM), while Xms characterizes the underlying memory portion pool. Additionally, ensure that you are utilizing the right rcon port and secret phrase. 

Spare the document and reload the systemd chief arrangement: 

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

You would now be able to begin the Minecraft worker by composing: 

sudo systemctl start minecraft

The first occasion when you start the administration, it will produce a few design documents and registries, including the Minecraft world. 

Check the administration status with the accompanying order: 

sudo systemctl status minecraft
 minecraft.service - Minecraft Server
     Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Tue 2020-06-23 17:48:44 UTC; 8s ago
   Main PID: 1338035 (java)
      Tasks: 15 (limit: 1074)
     Memory: 465.3M
     CGroup: /system.slice/minecraft.service
             ??1338035 /usr/bin/java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar server.jar nogui

At long last, empower the Minecraft administration to be naturally begun at boot time: 

sudo systemctl enable minecraft

Adjusting Firewall

Ubuntu ships with a firewall setup device called UFW. In the event that the firewall is empowered on your framework, and you need to get to Minecraft worker from an external perspective of your nearby organization, you have to open port 25565: 

sudo su - minecraft

Designing Backups 

In this part, we'll make a reinforcement shell content and cronjob to consequently reinforcement the Minecraft worker. 

Change to the minecraft: 

sudo su - minecraft

Open your content manager and make the accompanying record: 


function rcon {
  /opt/minecraft/tools/mcrcon/mcrcon -H -P 25575 -p strong-password "$1"

rcon "save-off"
rcon "save-all"
tar -cvpzf /opt/minecraft/backups/server-$(date +%F-%H-%M).tar.gz /opt/minecraft/server
rcon "save-on"

## Delete older backups
find /opt/minecraft/backups/ -type f -mtime +7 -name '*.gz' -delete

Spare the document and make the content executable : 

chmod +x /opt/minecraft/tools/

Next, make a cron work that will run once in a day consequently at a fixed time. 

Open the crontab document by composing: 

crontab -e

To run the reinforcement content each day at 23:00 glue the accompanying line: 

0 23 * * * /opt/minecraft/tools/

Getting to Minecraft Console 

To get to the Minecraft Console, utilize the mcrcon utility. You have to determine the host, rcon port, rcon secret key and utilize the - t switch which empowers the mcrcon terminal mode: 

/opt/minecraft/tools/mcrcon/mcrcon -H -P 25575 -p strong-password -t

ase - t 

Logged in. Type "Q" to quit!

While getting to the Minecraft Console from a distant area, ensure the rcon port isn't obstructed. 

In the event that you are consistently associating with the Minecraft comfort, rather than composing this long order, you make a slam moniker . 


We have told you the best way to make a Minecraft worker on Ubuntu 20.04 and set up an every day reinforcement. 

You would now be able to dispatch your Minecraft customer , interface with the worker, and start your Minecraft experience. 

In the event that you hit an issue or have input, leave a remark underneath.