How to Install Flask on Ubuntu 18.04
Cup is a free and open-source miniature web system for Python intended to assist engineers with building secure, adaptable and viable web applications. Carafe depends on Werkzeug and utilizations Jinja2 as a layout motor.
In contrast to Django , of course Flask does exclude ORM, structure approval or some other functionalities gave by outsider libraries. Carafe is worked considering expansions, which are Python bundles that add usefulness to a Flask application.
There are various techniques to introduce Flask, contingent upon your necessities. It tends to be introduced framework wide or in a Python virtual climate utilizing pip.
Cup bundles are additionally remembered for the authority Ubuntu storehouses and can be introduced utilizing the able bundle chief. This is the simplest technique to introduce Flask on Ubuntu 18.04, however not as adaptable as introducing in a virtual climate. Additionally, the variant remembered for the vaults consistently lingers behind the most recent rendition of Flask.
The primary reason for Python virtual conditions is to establish a disengaged climate for various Python ventures. This way you can have numerous diverse Flask conditions on a solitary PC and introduce a particular rendition of a module on a for every task premise without stressing that it will influence your other Flask establishments. On the off chance that you introduce Flask into the worldwide climate, at that point you can introduce just a single Flask variant on your PC.
Installing Flask on Ubuntu 18.04
The accompanying segments give data about how to introduce Flask in a Python virtual climate on Ubuntu 18.04.
1. Installing Python 3 and venv
Ubuntu 18.04 boats with Python 3.6 of course. You can confirm that Python 3 is introduced on your framework by composing:
The yield should resemble this:
Beginning from Python 3.6, the prescribed method to establish a virtual climate is to utilize the venv module. To introduce the python3-venv bundle that gives the venv module run the accompanying order:
sudo apt install python3-venv
When the module is introduced we are prepared to establish a virtual climate for our Flask application.
2. Creating a Virtual Environment
Start by exploring to the index where you might want to store your Python 3 virtual conditions. It tends to be your home index or whatever other catalog where your client has peruse and compose consents.
Make another registry for your Flask application and explore into it:
mkdir my_flask_app cd my_flask_app
Once inside the index, run the accompanying order to establish your new virtual climate:
python3 -m venv venv
The order above makes a registry called venv, which contains a duplicate of the Python parallel, the Pip bundle administrator , the standard Python library and other supporting documents. You can utilize any name you need for the virtual climate.
To begin utilizing this virtual climate, you need to initiate it by running the enact content:
When enacted, the virtual climate's canister index will be added toward the start of the $PATH variable. Additionally your shell's brief will change and it will show the name of the virtual climate you're presently utilizing. For our situation that is venv.
3. Installing Flask
Since the virtual climate is initiated, you can utilize the Python bundle director pip to introduce Flask:
pip install Flask
Inside the virtual climate, you can utilize the order pip rather than pip3 and python rather than python3.
Confirm the establishment with the accompanying order which will print the Flask variant:
python -m flask --version
At the hour of composing this article, the most recent authority Flask rendition is 1.0.2
Flask 1.0.2 Python 3.6.6 (default, Sep 12 2018, 18:26:19) [GCC 8.0.1 20180414 (experimental) [trunk revision 259383]]
Your Flask variant may contrast from the rendition appeared here.
4. Making a Minimal Flask Application
In this guide, we will make a basic hi world application which will simply show the content "Hi World!".
Open your content tool or Python IDE and make the accompanying record:
from flask import Flask app = Flask(__name__) @app.route('/') def hello_world(): return 'Hello World!'
How about we break down the code line by line.
In the principal line, we are bringing in the Flask class.
Next, we making an occurrence of the Flask class.
At that point we utilize the course() decorator to enlist the hello_world work for the/course. At the point when this course is mentioned, hello_world is called and the message "Hi World!" is gotten back to the customer.
Spare the document as hello.py and return to your terminal window.
5. Testing the Development Server
We'll utilize the carafe order to run the application however before that, we need to disclose to Flask how to stack the application by determining the FLASK_APP climate variable:
export FLASK_APP=hello.py flask run
The order above will dispatch the advancement builtin worker.
The yield will look something like the accompanying:
* Serving Flask app "hello.py" * Environment: production WARNING: Do not use the development server in a production environment. Use a production WSGI server instead. * Debug mode: off * Running on http://127.0.0.1:5000/ (Press CTRL+C to quit)
In the event that you introduced Flask on a virtual machine and you need to get to Flask improvement worker then you can make the worker openly accessible by affixing - host=0.0.0.0 to the flagon run order.
Open http://127.0.0.1:5000 in your internet browser and you will be given the "Welcome World!" message.
To stop the advancement worker type CTRL-C in your terminal.
6. Deactivating the Virtual Environment
Whenever you are finished with your work, deactivate the climate, by composing deactivate and you will re-visitation of your ordinary shell.
You have figured out how to establish a Python virtual climate and introduce Flask on your Ubuntu 18.04 machine. To establish extra Flask advancement conditions rehash the means we delineated in this instructional exercise.
On the off chance that you are new to Flask, visit the Flask documentation page and figure out how to build up your first Flask application.
Don't hesitate to leave a remark underneath.
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