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How to Copy Files and Directories in Linux


How to Copy Files and Directories in Linux

Duplicating records and indexes is one of the most well-known errands you'll perform when chipping away at the order line. There are a few orders for replicating documents in Linux, with cp and rsync being the most broadly utilized apparatuses. 

It is regular practice to utilize the cp order to duplicate documents and rsync to duplicate catalogs. 

To have the option to duplicate records and catalogs, you should have at any rate perused authorizations on the source document and compose consent on the objective registry. 

Copying Files with the cp Command

On Linux and Unix working frameworks, the cp order is utilized for duplicating records and indexes. 

The most straightforward use case is to duplicate a record in the current working index. For instance, to duplicate a record named file.txt to a document named file_backup.txt in the current catalog , you would run the accompanying order: 

cp file.txt file_backup.txt

In the event that the objective record exists, it will be overwritten. To get an affirmation brief prior to overwriting the documents, utilize the - I choice. 

cp -i file.txt file_backup.txt

Of course, when utilizing the cp order to duplicate a document, the new record will be possessed by the client playing out the order. Utilize the - p alternative to protect the document mode, proprietorship , and timestamps : 

cp -p file.txt file_backup.txt

Another choice that can be helpful is - v. When utilizing this alternative, the order prints what is being finished: 

cp -v file.txt file_backup.txt
'file.txt' -> 'file_backup.txt'

Copy a file to a directory

To duplicate a document to a registry, determine the total or the overall way to the catalog. At the point when the objective catalog is excluded, the document is duplicated to the current registry. 

In the accompanying model, we are duplicating the document file.txt to the/reinforcement index: 

cp file.txt /backup

While determining just the index name as an objective, the duplicated document will have a similar name as the first record. 

In the event that you need to duplicate the document under an alternate name, you have to indicate the ideal record name: 

cp file.txt /backup/new_file.txt

The order above will duplicate the document to the predetermined registry as new_file.txt. 

Copy multiple files

To duplicate numerous documents and catalogs without a moment's delay, determine the names of source records and indexes followed with the objective registry as the last contention: 

cp file.txt dir file1.txt file2.txt dir1

When duplicating various documents, the objective must be a catalog. 

The cp order likewise permits you to utilize design coordinating. For instance, to duplicate all .png records from the current catalog to the/reinforcement registry, you would utilize: 

cp *.png /backup

Copying Directories with cp Command

To duplicate a catalog, including every one of its documents and subdirectories, utilize the - R or - r choice. In the accompanying model, we are replicating the catalog Pictures to Pictures_backup: 

cp -R Pictures Pictures_backup

The order above will make the objective registry and recursively duplicate all records and subdirectories from the source to the objective catalog. 

On the off chance that the objective catalog as of now exists, the source registry itself and its substance are duplicated to the objective index. To duplicate just the records and subdirectories however not the objective catalog, utilize the - T alternative: 

cp -RT Pictures Pictures_backup

The alternatives utilized when duplicating records can likewise be utilized when replicating indexes. The principle distinction is that when replicating catalogs, you have to utilize the - R choice. 

Copying Files and Directories with the rsync Command

rsync is a quick and flexible order line-utility that synchronizes records and registries between two areas. It very well may be utilized to duplicate records to neighborhood and distant areas. 

rsync incorporates numerous choices that control each part of its conduct 

The most valuable choice is - a that recursively duplicate catalogs, move unique and square gadgets and save emblematic connections, adjustment times, gathering, proprietorship, and authorizations. 

To duplicate a solitary document starting with one then onto the next area, you would run the accompanying order: 

rsync -a file.txt file_backup.txt

In the event that the objective record exists, rsync will overwrite it. 

A similar order can be utilized to duplicate an index: 

rsync -a /var/www/public_html/ /var/www/public_html_backup/

rsync dangers the source indexes that end with a following slice/in an unexpected way. On the off chance that you add a following slice on the source index, the order will duplicate just the source catalog's substance to the objective registry. At the point when the following cut is discarded, rsync will duplicate the source registry inside the objective index. The most secure alternative is consistently to incorporate the following cut/on both the objective and source. 


We have told you the best way to duplicate records and catalogs in Linux and Unix-based frameworks, utilizing the cp and rsync utilities. 

On the off chance that you have any inquiries, it would be ideal if you leave a remark beneath.