Top 100+ Primavera Interview Questions And Answers
Question 1. What Is Primavera, Exactly?
Primavera is not only a unmarried product, however is now a logo name protecting a collection of merchandise focused exclusively on helping mission-in depth organizations control their whole venture portfolio lifecycle, inclusive of initiatives of all sizes. It is anticipated that initiatives totalling greater than US$6 trillion in price were controlled with Primavera merchandise.
Companies turn to Primavera assignment portfolio control answers to help them make higher portfolio management decisions, examine the risks and rewards associated with initiatives, and decide whether or not there are sufficient assets with the proper abilities to accomplish the work. These nice-in-magnificence answers offer the project execution and control abilties had to successfully deliver tasks on time, inside price range and with the supposed nice and design.
Question 2. What Is Portfolio Management?
Portfolio control is a term utilized by assignment control professionals to explain methods for analyzing and collectively dealing with a group of contemporary or proposed initiatives based on numerous key traits. The essential goal is to decide the optimal blend and sequencing of proposed tasks to nice reap the organization's ordinary goals - usually expressed in phrases of difficult financial measures, enterprise method dreams, or technical strategy desires - even as honouring constraints imposed through control or external real-international factors.
Typical attributes of projects being analyzed consist of every venture's general expected fee, consumption of scarce assets (human or in any other case), anticipated timeline and agenda of investment, the anticipated nature, importance and timing of benefits to be realised, and dating or inter-dependencies with different projects in the portfolio.
Project Management Interview Questions
Question three. What Is Programme Management?
According to the Project Management Institute "a programme is a group of associated tasks managed in a coordinated manner to achieve benefits and control not available from coping with them for my part. Programmes can also include elements of associated paintings out of doors of the scope of the discrete tasks inside the programme... Some projects inside a programme can deliver useful incremental advantages to the enterprise before the programme itself has completed."
Bearing this in thoughts it could be visible that programme mananagement necessarily operates at a degree above individual projects and is targeted on coordinating and prioritising of resources across projects, handling links between the tasks and minimising the overall fees and dangers of the programme.
Question four. Which Primavera Products Offer This Functionality?
Both P6 PPM and P6 EPPM offer the capability to group projects together into "portfolios", however this is surely a mechanism for simplifying get admission to to particular corporations of initiatives. In either product a portfolio can be described to contain initiatives inside a selected programme, and reports can be produced for the portfolio/programme as a whole.
There are a few basic portfolio evaluation features in P6 EPPM, with dashboard reports that may be configured to display and compare key challenge facts, but for a complete portfolio management solution which you ought to do not forget Primavera Portfolio Management. This product (previously ProSight, received by Primavera Inc. In 2006) can perform standalone, however comes with a right away interface to P6 EPPM that allows change of records in both guidelines.
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Question five. Is Primavera P6 The Same As Oracle Projects?
No. Oracle Projects is part of the Oracle E-Business Suite. The Primavera Gateway may be used with a suitable "provider" (connector) to integrate P6 and EBS.
Integrating Oracle Projects with Primavera P6 offers a comprehensive Enterprise Project Portfolio Management solution and performs the subsequent capabilities:
Brings collectively complicated scheduling and enterprise-particular PPM methods with task economic management, capabilities and inventory control, and different employer solutions
Provides give up-to-give up visibility and control for progressed choice making, coordination, and collaboration
Provides consolidated view of organisation and task portfolio for an accurate, updated view of project, assets, and economic overall performance
Creates coherent and entire solution for Enterprise PPM with ERP, database, middleware, and analytics.
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Question 6. What's The Difference Between P3e, P5 And P6?
They are basically distinctive versions of the identical product. When the replacement for P3 turned into first released it became known as Primavera Project Planner Enterprise, which changed into soon shortened to P3E. There turned into a v3.5 and a v4.0 of this product, before the call changed to P5 and then P6 in keeping with the model range. When Oracle acquired Primavera Inc. In 2008 "P6" have become a brand name instead of a product model and so the subsequent version (even though occasionally referred to as P7) was officially named P6 v7.
The trendy merchandise have observed ordinary Oracle practice in being "releases" rather than "variations", and have been known as P6 R8.Zero thru R8.Four. The latest software program is P6 R15.1 - Oracle is now the use of the last 2 digits of the year of issue because the primary release wide variety, and has said that it targets to supply 2 releases per yr so that in each year there will be a yy.1 and a yy.2 launch.
Question 7. What's The Difference Between P6 And Primavera Contractor?
Primavera Contractor is Primavera's entry stage venture control product, designed to permit contractors to alternate planning statistics with clients the usage of P6 EPPM or PPM for his or her assignment control. It gives a similar stage of functionality to Microsoft Project however can generate the .Xer documents usually required for bid submissions on foremost engineering and creation tasks.
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Question 8. What Are The Differences Between P6 Eppm And P6 Ppm?
The maximum apparent difference is the structure. P6 PPM is a traditional consumer/server Windows application that runs on a PC (physical or digital) and stores its records in a relational database (Oracle or SQL Server). P6 EPPM is a 3 tier web application whose client runs in an internet browser. The middle tier runs on an internet application server (WebLogic or WebSphere) and communicates with the database. Since R8.1 all administrative obligations are managed thru the internet interface, although a Windows "expert purchaser" is likewise available to allow customers without web get right of entry to to work with the software. From R8.2 this computer purchaser is equal for both PPM and EPPM, but while linked to an EPPM database none of the administrative capabilities are available.
There are also principal variations among the reporting abilities of the 2 variations. P6 PPM keeps to run the conventional reports determined in in advance variations of the product, at the same time as P6 EPPM additionally makes use of Oracle's BI Publisher to create net based totally reports which are viewed via dashboards in the browser. It additionally presents connectivity to other reporting tools - see the Reporting and Business Intelligence section under for extra in this.
The final principal difference is connectivity. P6 EPPM ships with a Java API that allows the improvement of custom interfaces to different products, and a Web Services interface layered on top of the API. The product is likewise designed to integrate with Oracle's Business Process Management toolset. In comparison, P6 PPM simplest offers the SDK, a computer interface that exposes the underlying database as an ODBC facts supply.
Question nine. Can You Configure P6 Ppm As A Multiuser System?
Although the most common use for P6 PPM is as a "standalone" set up (see under) on a pc or single PC, it is flawlessly viable to configure it so that multiple networked PCs get entry to a unmarried server based totally database. If you do no longer require the internet based totally dashboards and integration abilities of P6 EPPM this can properly be your most appropriate configuration.
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Question 10. Which Project Management Product Is Right For Me?
There is not any clean answer to this, as a lot depends in your contemporary IT panorama and exactly the way you desire to utilize your planning device. If you wish to integrate P6 seamlessly with different enterprise programs then it's miles possible that PPM will not be able to deliver what you require. We will luckily advocate on the professionals and cons of deploying both model on your environment.
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Question eleven. What Is A "standalone" Copy Of P6?
This normally refers to a duplicate of P6 where the database and client software are jogging on the equal device - often a computer. Prior to the acquisition of Primavera Inc. By using Oracle, this become a widespread alternative inside the installer which completed a fingers-off set up of a database server (originally Borland Interbase, then SQL Server Express) directly to the gadget in question as part of the manner. With the discharge of P6 v7 the database became modified to Oracle XE after which at P6 R8.0 the standalone alternative changed into withdrawn. It now exists once more - from P6 R8.1 PPM onwards, you're capable of select a standalone installation that makes use of Oracle 10g XE because the back quit.
The benefit of this sort of set up is that you do no longer must have formerly set up a database at the device, as one is supplied free of charge. There are regulations associated with Oracle XE even though - it's miles constrained to 4GB of information, will simplest use up to 1GB of any available reminiscence, and could simplest execute on 1 CPU center. If any of those are likely to purpose troubles you ought to use a full reproduction of Oracle or SQL Server to store your records. Note that that P6 R8.X will now not work with SQL Server Express unless you're upgrading an present standalone device based on an earlier version of P6.
As of P6 R8.4 the state of affairs has modified again because the product now ships with SQLite - an embedded relational database - imparting the garage for standalone structures. The execs of this are that set up is an awful lot simpler, and you can once again have more than one P6 databases handy in a standalone configuration. The cons are that some of the upload on tools - including Claim Digger - not paintings, although Oracle have said that it is their aim to reinstate this capability in later releases. Note that you may nevertheless pick to install Oracle XE as a again end to paintings round those troubles, even though you will must manually download it as it's far no longer included as part of the product installer.
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Question 12. Can I Still Purchase P3 And/or Suretrak?
Unfortunately no longer - they had been withdrawn from sale on the cease of 2010. The nearest equivalents from the present day product range are Contractor or P6 PPM.
Project Management Interview Questions
Question 13. What Reports Come With Primavera P6?
Primavera P6 PPM ships with a library of textual content reviews which may be scheduled to run as a batch. You also can expand custom reviews and print out snap shots together with Gantt Charts or aid histograms from the ideal view.
While Primavera P6 EPPM nonetheless permits you to run traditional batch reviews, it additionally gives an extra library of reports designed to function within Oracle BI Publisher via a Restricted Usage Licence (RUL) for BI Publisher. These can be triggered on call for from inside the web customer or scheduled to run periodically, with their effects available for view inside the web patron. If you want to make any adjustments to those reviews then you'll have to purchase a Full Usage Licence (FUL) of BI Publisher to will let you broaden your very own reports.
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Question 14. What Is The Primavera Reporting Database?
There is a big quantity of statistics displayed within P6 this is calculated at the fly and now not stored in the venture control database (PPMDB or EPPMDB). As a end result Oracle introduced the concept of a reporting database external to the venture control database. This is optimised for reporting purposes and incorporates fields storing calculated values. In versions previous to R8.1 the creation and updating of the reporting database required an administrator to set up several additional databases and configure standalone scripts to perform the ETL (extract, remodel, load) operations. From P6 EPPM R8.1 the reporting database schema forms a part of the standard EPPMDB database, and the scheduled publishing of records is administered from in the product.
Once the publishing of records to the reporting database has been configured, any outside reporting device (e.G. PCF's QEI Management Reporting or Crystal Reports) can be used to extract information from it.
Question 15. What Is Primavera Analytics?
Primavera Analytics is an add-on product for Primavera P6 EPPM which includes a celeb schema records warehouse and a hard and fast of prebuilt reviews and queries that run inside Oracle Business Intelligence merchandise. The data warehouse is fed from the EPPM reporting database and can be additionally connected to other BI programs.
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Question sixteen. What's The Difference Between Primavera Risk Analysis And Pertmaster?
They are each the identical product. PertMaster become obtained by way of Primavera Inc. In 2006 and is now bought as Primavera Risk Analysis.
Question 17. Does Primavera P6 Contain Any Risk Analysis Functionality?
As of P6 EPPM R8.Three, the solution is no, although you could use P6 to develop a threat check in and related hazard ratings which can be transferred between P6 and Primavera Risk Analysis.
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Question 18. What Does Primavera Contract Management Do?
This product has constantly had a confusing call, as the only aspect it does now not do is control contracts. It is surely a machine designed for groups coping with construction initiatives (contracts) which permits them to collaborate, song problems and fees, reveal contractor performance and manage documents.
The contemporary model is a web utility built on top of Oracle's WebLogic application server and Business Intelligence Publisher reporting device. It may be linked to external file management systems, and might alternate value and time table statistics with Primavera P6 EPPM and JD Edwards.
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Question 19. Can P6 Be Interfaced To An Erp System?
Absolutely, this is very not unusual. The Primavera Gateway ships with a connector for SAP as fashionable, and connectors for other ERP systems also are available.
Question 20. Can P6 Be Interfaced To An Asset Management System?
This is a fairly common requirement and the Primavera Gateway may be used to deliver this integration. Connectors are available for not unusual Asset Management Systems like MAXIMO.
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Question 21. I Need To Develop A Bespoke Interface To P6 - What Options Do I Have?
If you simplest require a laptop solution then you can use the SDK, which exposes a percentage of the data within the project control database (which includes calculated fields) as an ODBC Data Source. You can then write code in any surroundings that helps communique thru ODBC to trade facts with P6. The SDK is available for both PPM and EPPM systems.
More complex integrations are viable the use of the API. This is a set of Java classes that reveal the commercial enterprise common sense and gadgets and makes them to be had for inclusion in any Java utility. From v6 to R8.0 the API become available for all installations; as of R8.1 the API turned into constrained to EPPM simplest. This decision was reversed at R8.3 and is all over again available for each editions of P6. EPPM structures.
It is also possible to make use of the Web Services interface to P6; this is layered on pinnacle of the API and provides interoperability with any other applications that make use of Web Services. For example, the Oracle Business Process Management suite may be utilized in combination with event-pushed messages from P6 to increase popular enterprise techniques for venture approval, initiation and update.
Note that use of the SDK incurs no greater licencing costs, even as the API and Web Services require extra licences.
Question 22. What Professional Services Can Pcf Offer?
In addition to the deliver of the product variety, we additionally provide a extensive range of professional offerings to make certain that your Primavera implementation is going smoothly and which you unexpectedly benefit actual enterprise blessings.
Question 23. How Does Oracle's Product Licensing Compared To Primavera's Original Scheme?
Primavera operated a technical option to licencing, whereas Oracle operates a industrial solution.
Primavera had both Named or Concurrent customers, whereas Oracle only has "Application Users".
Primavera issued a licence code (connected to the Serial Number of a particular replica of the software program) that managed the variety and sort of licences allocated to every module in the product. By comparison Oracle issues a CSI Number related to a specific set up of their software program. The approved variety of customers is ruled entirely via the number of licences purchased - there's nothing technically in region to save you any enterprise from deploying more licences than they have got bought. However the Oracle Licence and Services Agreement (OLSA) includes a clause declaring that the customer accepts that Oracle has a right to visit the consumer's website online(s) at any time to audit licence utilization, and that the customer is of the same opinion to pay the licence expenses related to any unpurchased deployed copies located, plus penalty charges and backdated guide expenses.
Question 24. What Is An "application User"?
The Oracle licensing version is absolutely fairly easy. The Oracle Master Agreement (OMA) states:
"Application User: is defined as an person legal by you to use the applicable licenced software applications which might be established on a unmarried server or on more than one servers no matter whether the character is actively the usage of the packages at any given time."
that is a drawn out way of pronouncing you've got a licence for a person to use the software regardless of environment.
In realistic terms this has the following results:
A single licence permits a user to use a replica of the software on a couple of machines (for example a server and a pc) furnished that the various copies are not accessed through that user at the equal time. If the pc is also used by a special person to the server then this calls for two licences.
Use of any aspect within a licenced software counts as full use of that utility, so for instance an environment where human beings simplest accessed P6 EPPM thru the Web while every other most effective used the computing device Optional Client would require 3 EPPM licences. This differs from the antique Primavera scheme in which individual modules/components were licenced one after the other
You cannot employ established users like "user1" or "planner", in view that a login has to correspond to a actual person.
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Question 25. How Do I Upgrade From Older Versions Of Primavera Software?
Depending on the date of buy of the original licences and whether the product is in assist, it could be feasible to improve to the cutting-edge model of the product. This is a very complex location and we can want to ensure that we apprehend precisely what products you already own before we are able to provide advice. Please contact our expert licence migration group who can be pleased to allow you to discover the most fee-powerful path.
Question 26. How Is Product Support Provided?
Support for all Primavera products is handled by using Oracle Support. When you buy Primavera you will be assigned a Customer Support Identifier (CSI Number) which is your key to unlock the help assets available to you. These encompass a web portal giving you access to the Primavera Knowledge Base, the capability to log Service Requests and notification of any applicable patches or crucial updates. In addition, Oracle host Primavera-associated blogs and forums.
We can offer extra help if preferred, for instance to remedy software-associated questions or to put in patches and improvements. Please touch us for similarly information and costs.