SAP QM Interview Questions
Q1. What is an ERP ?
Ans: ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning Software and is a incorporated computer based totally system used to control a corporation's sources correctly. It ensures smooth records amongst numerous departments in an business enterprise or a employer and manages workflows.
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Q2. What are the exclusive sorts of ERP's ?
JD Edwards (now obtained by using Oracle)
Peoplesoft (now received by way of Oracle)
Q3. Tell me in short approximately SAP.
Ans: SAP stands for Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing.It was Founded in 1972 by using Wellenreuther, Hopp, Hector, Plattner and Tschira and is a German Company.
SAP is call of the enterprise as well its ERP product.
SAP is #1 inside the ERP market .As of 2010, SAP has extra than one hundred forty,000 installations worldwide ,over 25 enterprise-particular commercial enterprise answers, and more than 75,000 customers in one hundred twenty international locations.
Q4. What are the exceptional SAP products ?
Ans: SAP R/3 - It succeds SAP R/2 and is marketplace chief in ERP. R/3 stands for 3 tier structure i.E. Presentation , Logic and Data tier. It has many modules like SD , FI , HR and so on which embody nearly all corporation departments.
MySAP - It is a set of SAP merchandise which aside from SAP R/3 additionally consists of SRM , PLM, CRM, SCM
Q5. What is NetWeaver ?
Ans: Netweaver is an integrated generation platform such that every one the goods inside the mySAP suite can run on a unmarried instance of netweaver called SAP Web Application Server (SAP WEBAs).
The gain of using Netweaver is you can get entry to SAP data the use of the net (http protocol) or maybe cellular. Thus you may shop on costs worried in training customers on SAP Client side GUI.
Q6. List the Different Modules in SAP.
FI (Financial Accounting)
IM (Investment Management)
HR (Human Resource)
SD (Sales and Distribution)
MM (Materials Management)
PM (Plant Maintenance)
PP (Production Planning)
QM - Quality Management
BW (Business Warehousing)
There are many enterprise specific solutions that SAP presents aside from the list of modules above which is ever growing.
Q7. What is Meta records, Master data and Transaction statistics
Ans: Meta Data: Meta Data is facts approximately Data. It tells you approximately the shape of facts or MetaObjects.
Master Data: This Data is prime commercial enterprise information like Customer records , Employee , Materials and many others. This is more like a reference data. For Ex. If a consumer orders 10 devices of your product in preference to asking patron for his transport deal with 10 times , the same may be referenced from the Customer Master Data.
Transaction Data: This is records associated with each day transactions.
Q8. Is SAP A Database ?
Ans: NO. SAP isn't a database however its an utility that uses databases supplied with the aid of other vendors like Oracle , SQL Server and many others.
Q9. How many SAP Sessions can you figure on at a given time ?
Ans: At any given time for a selected client , you may work on 6 sessions at max.
Q10. What is a transaction in SAP terminology ?
Ans: In SAP terminology, a transaction is series of logically related dialog steps.
Q11. Can we run enterprise warehouse with out SAP R/3 implementation?
Ans: Yes, you may run business warehouse without R/three implementation. You must honestly switch systems associated with enterprise warehouse facts assets (ODS table, Infocube) to the inbound records files or use third birthday party tools to attach your flat documents and other records resources.
Q12. Mention what do you imply by datasets?
Ans: The statistics sets are sequential documents processed at the utility server. They are used for file managing in SAP.
Q13. What are variables?
Ans: Variables are parameters of a question which might be set in the parameter query definition and aren't packed with values until the queries are entered into the workbooks.
Q14. Mention what are the different varieties of variables?
Ans: Variables are used in special application
User access/default typ
Q15. Mention a number of the set-backs of SAP?
Ans: It is expensive
Demands highly educated group of workers
Lengthy implementation time
Interfaces are a touch bit complex
Does now not determine wherein master facts resides
Q16. Mention wherein are t-code call and program values saved? Explain how can you discover a listing of all t-codes in the SAP gadget?
Ans: To view transaction desk TSTC you can use transaction code st11, and you can define a new t-code using transaction se93.
Q17. Mention what's the distinction between OLAP and Data Mining?
Ans: OLAP: OLAP stands for Online Analytical Processing it is a reporting tool configured to understand your database schema, dimensions and composition information
Data Mining: It is an analytic procedure to discover facts on the lookout for consistent styles or systematic dating between variables.
Q18. Mention what are the three tiers of records-mining?
Ans: Three levels of statistics-mining includes
Q19. Mention what are the special layers in R/3 device?
Ans: Different layers in R/3 device consists of
Q20. Mention what's the system to create a desk inside the facts dictionary?
To create a desk within the records dictionary, you have to follow this steps
Creating domains (records type, area length, range)
Creating facts factors (Properties and type for a desk area)
Creating tables (SE eleven)
Q21. Mention what is AWB?
Ans: AWB stands for Administrator Workbench. It is a device for tracking, controlling and retaining all the tactics connected with facts staging and processing within the commercial enterprise information warehousing.
Q22. Explain what's Bex?
Ans: Bex method Business Explorer. It lets in cease person to discover reports, analyze statistics, view reviews and can execute queries. The queries in workbook may be saved to their respective roles in the Bex browser. It has following components Bex analyzer, Bex Map and Bex internet.
Q23. Mention what is the importance of ODS in BIW?
Ans: An ODS item serves to shop debugged and consolidated transaction information on a report stage. It defines a consolidated dataset from one or greater data-resources. This information-set may be evaluated with a Bex query or Infoset question. The records of an ODS object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes or other ODS item in the equal system or throughout structures. In assessment to multi-dimensional information garage with InfoCubes, the statistics in ODS object is stored in obvious, flat database tables.
Q24. Mention what is the difference between Domain and Data Element?Data Element: It is an intermediate item among domain and desk type
Ans: Domain: It defines the attributes which includes period, kind, and possible fee variety
Q25. Mention what are SET parameters and GET parameters?
Ans: To use parameter IDs, you need to "set" values within the international reminiscence area after which "get" values from this parameter ID memory area. In the case of the online software, you have to "Set" values from display fields, and you may "get" these values for display screen fields.
Q26. Mention what's ALE, IDOC, EDI, RFC and give an explanation for in short?
Ans: ALE: Application Linking enabling
IDOC: Intermediatary documents
EDI: Electronic statistics interchange
RFC: Remote function name
Q27. Mention what's LUW (Logical Unit Of Work)?
Ans: LUW is a span of time during which database statistics are updated either commit or rollback.
Q28. Mention what is BDC stand for? How many methods of BDC are there?
Ans: BDC stand for Batch Data Communication. The methods of BDC are
Direct Input Method
Batch Input Session Method
Call transaction Method
Q29. Mention what is supposed via a "baseline facts" in SAP AR and AP?
Ans: The baseline date is the date from which the fee terms apply. Usually, it is the report date on the invoice however can also be the date of access or posting date from the ledger.
Q30. Mention what do you mean via one-time carriers?
Ans: In certain industries, it is not feasible to create new grasp data for each dealer trading accomplice. One-time vendor allows for a dummy supplier code for use on invoice access and the information that is generally stored within the supplier grasp, is keyed on the bill itself.
Q31. Mention what are the same old tiers of the SAP Payment Run?
Ans: While executing the SAP Payment Run the same old tiers of SAP consists of
Entering of parameters: It includes getting into organization codes, seller money owed, price methods, etc.
Proposal Scheduling: The gadget proposes listing of invoices to be paid
Payment booking: Booking of the actual payments into the ledger
Printing of Payment bureaucracy: Printing of payment form
Q32. Mention what is the difference among the "residual fee" and "partial charge" strategies of allocating cash in account receivable?
Ans: The distinction between the residual and partial price consists of
Partial fee: For example, permit say bill A456 exits for $a hundred and patron pay $70. With the partial charge, it offsets the bill leaving a last balance $30
Residual Payment: While in residual charge, invoice A456 is cleared for the entire fee $one hundred and a new bill line item is produced for the closing balance of $30.
Q33. Mention what are inner tables, check tables, price tables, and obvious table?
Ans: It is the standard information kind object; it exists most effective at some point of the runtime of this system.
Check the desk may be at area level checking
Value desk might be at area level checking
Transparent desk will exist with the identical shape both within the dictionary in addition to inside the database precisely with the same records and fields
Q34. Mention what is an software, presentation and database servers in SAP R/3?
Ans: The utility layer of a R/3 system is made of the application server and the message server. Application applications in an R/3 machine run on utility servers. Using the message server, the utility servers talk with presentation components, the database and also with each different. All the data are stored in a centralized server, which is known as a database server.
Q35. Explain what is a employer in SAP?
Ans: Company in SAP is the highest organizational unit for which financial statements like profit and loss statements, balance sheets may be drawn consistent with the requirement of companies. A unmarried agency consists of one or many enterprise codes. All the organization codes in SAP need to use equal COA (chart of bills) and economic year.
Q36. Mention what is the distinction among SAP BASIS and SAP ABAP?
Ans: SAP ABAP is the programming language used inside SAP to personalize, generate bureaucracy, generate reviews, and so forth. While SAP basis is, the administration module of SAP used to control code modifications, improvements, database admin, community setup, and so on.
Q37. List out the different forms of the supply machine in SAP?
Ans: The unique styles of the supply device in SAP includes
SAP R/3 supply machine
Q38. Explain what is Extractor?
Ans: In the SAP source device, extractors is a facts retrieval mechanism. It can fill the extract structure of a facts source with the statistics from the SAP supply machine datasets.
Q39. Explain what is prolonged star schema?
Ans: The star schema includes the truth tables and the measurement tables. The master facts associated tables are stored in separate tables, which has connection with the characteristics within the measurement tables. These separate tables for master statistics are termed because the Extended Star Schema.
Q40. Explain what have to be the technique for writing a BDC application?
Ans: The method to writing BDC software is to
Convert the legacy machine facts to a flat file into the internal desk referred as "Conversion."
Transfer the Flat record into the SAP gadget known as "SAP Data Transfer."
Depending upon the BDC kind CALL TRANSACTION or CREATE SESSIONS
Q41. Mention what are the essential benefits of reporting with BW over R/three?
Ans: Business Warehouse makes use of a statistics warehouse and OLAP concepts for studying and storing information While the R/three was intended for transaction processing. You can get the identical analysis out of R/3, but it'd be simpler from a BW.
Q42. Mention the two types of offerings which might be used to address conversation?
Ans: To cope with communique, you could use varieties of offerings
Message Service: In order to trade quick internal messages, this service is used by the application servers
Gateway Service: This service lets in verbal exchange between R/three and outside packages the use of CPI-C protocol.
Q43. Mention what are motive codes used in Account Receivable?
Ans: "Reason Codes" are tags that may be allotted to describe beneath/overpayments throughout the allocation of incoming consumer payments. They need to no longer be blended up with "void reason codes" used while outgoing cheques are produced.
Q44. Mention what is the protocol does SAP Gateway manner use?
Ans: The SAP gateway manner uses TCP/IP protocol to communicate with the customers.
Q45. Mention what's pooled tables?
Ans: Pooled tables are used to shop manage data. Several pooled tables may be united to form a desk pool. Table device is a bodily table at the database wherein all of the facts of the allotted pooled tables are stored.
Q46. Explain what is an update type on the subject of a in shape code ID?
Ans: If the statistics in one of the base tables of a matchcode ID changes, the matchcode statistics must be up to date. The replace kind stipulates while the in shape-code needs to be updated and how it needs to be finished. The update type also defines which technique is for use for constructing healthy-codes.
Q47. Explain what the .Sca documents and point out their significance?
Ans: .Sca stands for SAP element Archive. It is used to install the Java components, patches and different java developments inside the shape of .Sca,.Sda,.Battle and .Jar.
Q48. Explain what is supposed with the aid of "Business Content" in SAP?
Ans: Business Content in SAP is a pre-configured and pre-described models of facts contained within the SAP warehouse which can be used immediately or with preferred modification in exceptional industries.
Q49. Explain what is dispatcher?
Ans: Dispatcher is a part that takes the request for client systems and stores the request in queue.
Q50. Mention what are the not unusual shipping mistakes?
Ans: The commonplace transport errors consist of
Return code four: Imported with warnings, era of program, columns or row missing
Return code 8: Imported with syntax errors, program generation blunders, dictionary activation blunders, and many others.
Return code 12: Indicates import cancelled due to object lacking, object now not lively, and so on.
Return code 18: Indicates import cancelled due to system down while import, user expired in the course of import and insufficient roles or authorization